Anaprilin is one of the medications that help improve well-being in cardiovascular diseases. Its main advantage is the effective reduction of blood pressure. It is also important that it can be used during pregnancy.
Description and characteristics of the drug
The main active ingredient of Anaprilin is propranolol hydrochloride, which is an antianginal, antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic agent. One tablet of Anaprilin propranolol hydrochloride contains 10 mg or 40 mg. Excipients included in the preparation: calcium stearate, colloidal silicon dioxide, hypromellose, microcrystalline cellulose, corn starch, talc.
Release form: tablets 10 mg and 40 mg, 10, 50, 100 tablets per package. Also available in the form of a solution for injection of 0.1% solution in 1 ml and 5 ml ampoules. The pack contains 10 or 100 ampoules. 0.25% Anaprilin solution is available in 1 ml ampoules. One package of this drug contains 10 ampoules.
Tablets are available in a blister, in a box (No. 5, No. 10) and in a container in a box (No. 50).
Taking Anaprilin reduces the heart rate, lowers blood pressure, the need for the myocardium for oxygen saturation, promotes uterine contraction and increases the tone of the bronchial muscles, normalizes the digestive tract. For people suffering from coronary heart disease, Anaprilin helps to cope with and relieve angina attacks, reduces the risk of myocardial infarction, and increases efficiency. People who regularly take Anaprilin tolerate physical activity more easily. And besides this, their need for nitroglycerin is gradually decreasing.
The result of Anaprilin's action is noticeable even after a single use. As a rule, the use of propanol helps to reduce systolic and diastolic pressure, regardless of whether the patient is in a standing or lying position. By the end of the second week of taking the drug, a stable hypotensive effect is achieved.
Indications for use
Anaprilin is prescribed for angina pectoris, arterial hypertension (high blood pressure), renal hypertension, ischemic heart disease, angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmias caused by rheumatic heart disease, including arrhythmias, paroximal and sinus tachycardia, extrasystole, atrial fibrillation, and thyrotoxicosis and cases of intoxication with digitalis drugs. Anaprilin is recommended for glaucoma, essential tremor and as a prophylaxis for migraine.
Method of administration and dosage
The drug should be drunk before meals, 15-30 minutes before meals. The tablet must be taken with plenty of water. The dosage and duration of treatment is selected by the doctor, taking into account the individual problems of each patient.
Even after carefully studying the instructions for use of Anaprilin, never self-medicate.
For the treatment of hypertension in adults, the daily dosage may be 160-320 mg. However, treatment should be started with an initial dose, which is usually 40 mg twice a day. If necessary, the dosage can be gradually increased, but at the same time it is necessary to monitor the condition and well-being of the patient.
Each disease has its own dosage. For example, with angina pectoris, migraine, essential tremor, agitation, the initial dosage is as follows: 40 mg 2-3 times a day. For the treatment of arrhythmias, thyrotoxicosis and tachycardia of excitement, it is recommended to drink Anaprilin in a dosage of 10 mg to 40 mg 3-4 times a day.
Treatment with Anaprilin after myocardial infarction begins on the 5th-21st day.The initial dose is 40 mg 4 times a day for the first four days of administration, then the daily dose of the drug can be increased to 80 mg. But in this case, you need to take Anaprilin 2 times a day.
In open-angle glaucoma, 15% Anaprilin solution is prescribed to reduce intraocular pressure.
To relieve an attack of angina pectoris and in case of cardiac arrhythmias, it is best to injections with Anaprilin solution, which should be done only under the supervision of a doctor.
Anaprilin treatment is carried out for a long time, for several months. The drug is stopped gradually with a gradual dose reduction.
For the elderly, the dosage is prescribed individually in accordance with their condition and age. On an individual basis, treatment with Anaprilin is also prescribed for children over three years old with disorders of the cardiovascular system. In this case, to determine the dosage of the drug, it is necessary to adhere to the scheme: 0, 25-05 mg / kg of body weight 3 times a day.
Despite the good tolerance of the drug, Anaprilin can cause a number of side effects, even if it is used correctly, in accordance with all the doctor's recommendations. Among them are nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, weakness, lethargy, hypotension, allergic reactions, bronchopulmonary spasm, shortness of breath, cough, blurred vision, decreased tear fluid and, as a manifestation of this, dryness and soreness of the eye, Raynaud's syndrome. With prolonged use in rare cases, impotence is noted.
Taking Anaprilin is not recommended for people whose profession requires increased attention.
Anaprilin should not be used after a fresh myocardial infarction, with hay fever, a tendency to bronchial spasms, bronchial asthma, diabetes mellitus, blood pressure disorders, heart failure, bradycardia, characterized by a slowing of the heart rate up to 60 beats per minute.
In no case should you take Anaprilin for a hangover, you should not combine the drug with alcohol, since the combination of alcohol and Anaprilin together is dangerous and can cause a sharp drop in blood pressure.
The instructions for the drug do not indicate the effect of the drug on the condition of a pregnant woman, therefore, the use of Anaprilin during pregnancy and during lactation is possible under the supervision of a doctor.
Smoking during treatment with Anaprilin can provoke the appearance of such side effects as shortness of breath, cough, bronchopulmonary spasm. In this case, you can try treatment with other Anaprilin analogues: Inderal, Obzidan, Propranolol.
It is not recommended to combine the reception of Anaprilin and Paroxin.