There are more than 500 lymph nodes in the human body, and all of them perform an immune-protective function. Their swelling indicates the presence of some kind of disease in nearby organs or a general disease of the body.
Why are lymph nodes inflamed?
The lymph nodes act as a filter in the human body, clearing the lymph from harmful substances and forming antibodies, lymph and phagocytes. They are also responsible for the balance of interstitial fluid, evenly distributing it between lymph and blood, and are actively involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
When a person is sick, more lymphocytes are released than usual to fight infection. They collect in the lymph nodes and function in an enhanced mode. In this regard, there is a swelling of the lymph nodes located near the site of the lesion.
Causes of an increase in lymph nodes under the armpits
The most common causes of swollen lymph nodes are colds and diseases of the ENT organs, viral infections (measles, chickenpox), mastopathy in women, excessive sweating, in which pathogenic bacteria accumulate under the armpits. The latter symptom is especially common in diabetic patients.
There are other causes of inflammation of the axillary lymph nodes: skin diseases (psoriasis, eczema, etc.), immunodeficiency states (in the presence of HIV infection in the body, swelling of the lymph nodes is one of the first symptoms), diseases of an infectious type - tularemia, tuberculosis, etc., rheumatic and oncological diseases - breast cancer, lymphoma. The latter is especially dangerous because the enlargement of the lymph nodes is not accompanied by pain, therefore an urgent visit to the doctor is still necessary.
How is lymph node inflammation treated?
Treatment of inflammation of the lymph nodes depends on its nature. If it is a common disease, treatment will initially be directed at eliminating it. For a local effect on the lymph nodes, conservative treatment can be used, the essence of which is to suppress the microflora at the source of infection and the lymph node itself. To do this, use various antibacterial drugs (streptocide, nitrofuran).
If the inflammation is too strong, drainage of the foci of infection is used (if pus has accumulated in them). Of course, in any case, it is necessary to strengthen the immune system. For this purpose, they use not only pharmaceutical preparations and vitamin complexes, but also recipes of traditional medicine. This, for example, tincture of calendula (or calendula and tansy), Echinacea purpurea, unrefined sunflower oil. The latter is recommended to be consumed in the morning on an empty stomach and in the evening before bedtime. This procedure helps cleanse the lymph.