"Gentamicin" is an antibiotic that has a bactericidal effect in the treatment of various infectious diseases. The drug fights microorganisms, actively inhibits their growth and eliminates the effects of infection.
"Gentamicin" is prescribed for the treatment of pyelonephritis, cystitis, cholangitis, pneumonia, peritonitis, cholecystitis, sepsis, purulent infections. For topical use, the drug is used for furunculosis, folliculitis, sycosis, paronychia, infected acne, seborrheic dermatitis, skin wounds of various origins. Eye drops are prescribed for conjuncttivitis, keratitis and other infectious and inflammatory diseases of the organs of vision.
"Gentamicin" is available in the form of a solution for intravenous and intramuscular injections, topical ointment and eye drops.
Instructions for use
The dosage of "Gentamicin" is determined individually. It depends on the patient's weight, the severity of the disease, its location and the sensitivity of the infection. Solution for injection is administered intravenously or intramuscularly. For adults, a single dosage is 1-1.7 ml / kg, the daily dosage is 3-5 mg / kg. The drug is administered 2-4 times a day. The course of therapy is 7-10 days.
For patients with impaired renal functions, in severe conditions, the daily dosage is recommended to be administered in a larger number of doses, thus reducing the single dose.
In case of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the urinary system, 120-120 mg of "Gentamicin" is administered once a day. For gonorrhea, the drug is used once, the dosage is 240-280 mg.
The daily dosage for children from 2 years of age is also 3-5 mg / kg and is administered 3 times during the day. The daily dose for children under 2 years of age, including newborns and premature infants, is 2-5 mg / kg. For children under 1 week of age, the drug is administered 2 times a day, up to 2 years - 3 times.
When used intravenously, the drug is diluted in 5% dextrose solution or 0.9% NaCl solution. The total volume of liquid is 50-300 ml. For children, the volume of the injected agent should be less, while the concentration of "Gentamicin" should not exceed 1 mg / ml of solution. The intravenous drug is administered for 1.5-2 hours.
Ointment "Gentomycin" is used externally 3-4 times a day, applying the agent to the affected surface. Eye drops "Gentomycin" are used 3-4 times a day. You can use drops for no more than 2 weeks.
"Gentamicin" is contraindicated in case of intolerance to its components, during lactation and pregnancy. The drug is not prescribed for severe renal dysfunction, acoustic neuritis, uremia. When treating with the drug, the condition of the kidneys, as well as the vestibular and hearing aids should be monitored.
The drug is effective in the treatment of various infectious diseases. The injections are painful enough. It is not recommended to use this remedy without a doctor's prescription in view of the possibility of developing side effects and a specific effect on the condition of the kidneys - with injections, as well as prolonged use of the ointment. According to reviews, among the most common side effects are allergies in the form of a rash and swelling. In addition, the drug can affect the hearing organs.