The lymph nodes act as filters that trap microbial bodies. Several large clusters of lymph nodes are found in the neck. Their inflammation can be caused by diseases of the respiratory system and the head, as well as a system-wide disease.
Treatment of inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck area begins with a diagnosis. See a therapist or pediatrician (if the child is sick). Tell us when there was an increase in the nodes, what ailments accompany it, whether you had contact with infectious patients. By palpation, the specialist will establish the condition of the node: how elastic, mobile it is, whether it causes painful sensations. The greatest concern should be caused by dense, inactive lymph nodes, characteristic of hemoblastosis or cancer. That is why any self-medication, especially warming up, can only aggravate the course of the disease.
The cause of inflammation of the submandibular and cervical nodes, especially in childhood, can be a viral disease such as measles, rubella, infectious mononucleosis, lymphocytosis. Another possible cause is inflammation of the ENT organs, as well as the oral cavity. If the process of enlargement of the cervical nodes is accompanied by prolonged fever, weight loss, night sweats, then this may be a sign of tuberculosis, cancer.
If the inflammation proceeds against the background of ARVI, then all therapeutic measures are prescribed in order to eliminate the source of the disease. The patient is prescribed immunomodulatory drugs, taking tincture of echinacea. In the acute course of the disease, antibiotics of the macrolide group are prescribed. The inflammation in the lymph nodes should go away by itself. Taking homeopathic remedies such as "the mouth." A visit to the dentist for its sanitation may be enough for the inflammation to go away.
If the cause of the enlargement of the cervical and submandibular lymph nodes could not be established within 3 weeks, the patient is assigned a diagnostic biopsy of the node. The results of histology are considered holistically, taking into account the entire clinical picture of the disease and data from other analyzes. The favorable prognosis of the disease and the adequacy of the prescribed treatment depend on how timely and fully the inflammation will be investigated.