Poisoning is a group of diseases that occur when a poisonous or toxic substance enters the body. Most often these are low-quality food products. The symptoms of common food poisoning are fever, severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Body temperature can rise up to 40 ° C. Fever acts in this case as a protective reaction of the body. However, there are situations when it is imperative to lower the temperature.
The tactics of combating fever and, accordingly, the need for antipyretic drugs are determined by the correct diagnosis. To do this, you need to consult a doctor in a timely manner. The doctor will take into account the degree of hyperthermia, its clinical manifestations, the patient's age and the presence of concomitant diseases.
According to the clinical course, a favorable "red fever" is distinguished, when the skin is red, warm and moist, and the general state of health is relatively satisfactory, and an unfavorable "white fever" with severe chills, pale skin and a decrease in the temperature of the extremities. With this in mind, antipyretic therapy is indicated in all cases of white fever. With "red fever" - if the temperature is above 38, 5 ° C, if there are no chronic serious diseases, as well as in children under 3 years of age, even with a slight increase in temperature.
The choice of a drug for the relief of hyperthermia depends on the age and history of a particular patient. For example, aspirin is not used in children under 15 years of age. It is preferable for them to prescribe ibufen.
Remember physical cooling methods. For adults - wrapping in a damp sheet, for children - a container with ice on the head and places where large vessels pass.
Do not forget that with hyperthermia, there is increased sweating and loss of fluid from the body. Therefore, it is necessary to replenish liquid losses at the rate of: an additional 1 liter of liquid drunk for each degree of elevated temperature.