A small amount of weight loss caused by a stressful situation, be it a layoff, divorce, or the death of a loved one, is a natural reaction of the body. But a strong unexpected weight loss should alert, because often there are very serious reasons behind it.
Stress follows us at every step. Violation of the regime of work and rest, a strong emotional shock can contribute to weight loss, but, as a rule, we are talking about two to three kilograms, which are soon restored. But if we are talking about significant weight loss without obvious reasons, then it is necessary to find out why the person has lost so much weight, because this can be caused by serious illnesses.
The reason for going to the doctor is the loss of 4.5-5 kilograms in 6 months.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which there is a high level of glucose in the blood because the body is not producing enough insulin or there is no response to insulin. Sudden weight loss is a symptom of type 1 diabetes. Other signs are frequent urination, thirst, intense hunger, fatigue, slow healing of wounds and cuts, and a tingling sensation in the feet and palms.
Depression is a deep emotional disorder in which a person is haunted by feelings of anger, melancholy, emptiness for weeks or even months. Indeed, in such a state, a person literally melts before our eyes, refuses to eat, does not sleep well. Typically, weight regains after the root cause of depression has been eliminated.
The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism, such as heart rate and digestion. And a thyroid hormone called calcitonin controls the level of calcium in the blood. If the thyroid gland is working too actively, then an excessive amount of hormones is produced. This condition is called hyperthyroidism. In addition to sudden weight loss, hot flashes, mood swings, fatigue, and decreased libido are also observed.
Addison's disease is a hormonal disorder in which the adrenal glands produce insufficient amounts of the hormones cortisol and aldosterone. You can get sick with it at any age. Other symptoms are persistent fatigue, muscle weakness, and low blood pressure.
A person steadily loses weight when infected with helminths or other parasites. Helminthiasis is also accompanied by constant fatigue and stomach pain.
In Crohn's disease, inflammation of the intestinal wall occurs. The person experiences severe pain in the intestines. The stool is liquid with blood impurities. This process is accompanied by a sharp and significant weight loss.
Weight loss also accompanies serious and serious illnesses such as cancer, AIDS and tuberculosis. However, the symptoms of these diseases are quite extensive and weight loss is not the primary symptom.