Ears can itch both outside and deep inside, as long as they are not cleaned with cotton swabs, unpleasant itching and scratching does not go away. In some cases, after such brushing, there may be a feeling of pressure on the ears and pain. Itching is a skin reaction that makes you feel like scratching around your ear. Itching occurs when certain substances, such as histamine or bile salts, as well as external stimuli, affect the nerve endings.
The mechanism of itching is interconnected with a signal that comes from the nerve endings of the upper skin cover, the central nervous system or peripheral nerves. The mediator of itching and scratching, generalizing all signals, is histamine. Therefore, antihistamines can help in relieving symptoms.
Itching in the ears can be thermal, mechanical, electrical and chemical in nature. Both the associated nerve endings, which cause itching, and the pain receptors, which cause only pain, can become irritated. Itching receptors are present in the upper lining of the skin of the ear canal, but they cannot be in the joints, muscles and internal organs. Itching can also be caused by dry skin, sweat, infections, allergies, hormonal imbalances, and many other reasons.
As soon as scratching in the ears begins to bother, it is worth stopping to injure the skin of the ear canal with constant cleaning and removal of sulfur, which is a habitat for the beneficial microflora of the skin and serves as protection against pathogenic microbes and all kinds of fungi.
When cleaning the ears with cotton swabs, pathogenic microbes can enter the skin through small cracks, as a result of which inflammation can begin, which is rather difficult to treat and has a tendency to relapse. Cleaning your ears with chopsticks does not always clear the ear from wax. During the process, the sulfur is simply compacted, as a result, a dense sulfuric plug is formed, pressing on the walls of the ear canal, causing inflammation and injury.
In addition, parasites can cause itching in the ears. Such diseases are carried by animals. Not only scratching can become a symptom, there is often a feeling that someone is crawling in the ear, pain can occur, in some places small red dots are visible, similar to a needle prick. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Itching and itching in the ears can occur due to trophic changes in blood vessels and diabetes mellitus. Such problems are encountered in elderly people. Ear suppositories with propolis will help relieve itching, but only a doctor can prescribe treatment.