Pine is known as the oldest medicinal plant. Already five thousand years ago, compresses were made from its needles, and the Egyptians used resin in embalming compositions. The Romans and Greeks used pine to treat colds, and in Russia people chewed the resin of this tree to strengthen the gums and disinfect the oral cavity.
Today, pine is still considered a supplier of natural medicinal ingredients for official pharmacology and traditional medicine. All parts of this evergreen can be used for medicinal purposes.
Harvested in late autumn and winter, the needles have the best healing effect, because at this time of the year, the largest amount of essential oil and ascorbic acid is concentrated in it. Needle-based preparations have expectorant, disinfecting, anti-scurvy, diuretic, analgesic properties, and chlorophyll paste is used externally for burns, wounds, and some skin diseases.
Pine sawdust steamed in boiling water is applied to sore joints and lower back. Milk-based decoction of young pine shoots is used for respiratory diseases.
Water decoctions and resin infusions are used in the treatment of hypovitaminosis C, acne, for taking medicinal and strengthening baths.
Spring unopened buds contain essential oil, resin, tannins, vitamins C and K, and mineral salts. Decoctions from the kidneys are used in the treatment of peptic ulcer and cholelithiasis, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, chronic skin rash, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, rheumatism, dropsy. Pine decoctions are used for inhalation, and in cosmetology they are used for baldness.
Cones and pollen
From young red pine cones, infusions are made for use in case of pain in the heart, and hemostatic agents are made from first-year green cones.
To delay the onset of old age will help the use of three times a day before meals, 1 g of dried pollen collected from flowering yellow cones. Its tincture is also drunk for lung diseases.
Pine pollen tea is used for gout and rheumatism, and with the addition of honey - as a restorative remedy after severe operations and illnesses.
Pine resin is used to treat long-term non-healing wounds, ulcers, weeping eczema, and furunculosis. A number of medicinal preparations for external use are made from resin: turpentine and funds based on it are used for neuralgia, sciatica, rheumatism, gout, arthritis. Pine tar in the composition of ointments is used for eczema, scabies, scaly lichen.