How To Treat Cancer Of The Larynx

How To Treat Cancer Of The Larynx
How To Treat Cancer Of The Larynx
Anonim

Cancer is a very serious disease that has recently become quite common. It is caused by various factors and can occur in almost every organ of the human body.

How to treat cancer of the larynx
How to treat cancer of the larynx

The provoking factors and symptoms of laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a malignant growth in the tissue walls of the larynx. It is provoked by various factors. These factors, first of all, include professional activity (contact with asbestos, nickel, sulfuric acid), smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, the presence of another cancer (metastases). Also, the risk group should include men over 60 years old.

Cancer can develop in different parts of the larynx: in the upper, middle and lower. Symptoms vary depending on the stage of the tumor. In the early stages, cancer usually does not manifest itself in any way. In the future, the sick person changes the timbre of his voice, becomes rude and hoarse. With the progression of the tumor, patients note difficulty in passing food, hemoptysis, cough that does not respond to treatment, and pain in the ear may also occur. In the later stages, weight loss, exhaustion, and weakness occur.

Laryngeal cancer treatments

How to cope with tumor formation, the specialist decides. Diagnostics is carried out, the stage of cancer is detected, the patient's condition is assessed. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are prescribed. Surgical methods of treatment are also used.

During surgery, doctors remove the malignant formation, and if necessary, part of the larynx or the entire larynx. The surgical method of treatment is used quite often. However, after removal of the tumor, the patient is still prescribed chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs that target cancer cells, which eventually die. It is prescribed before surgery in order to reduce the size of the neoplasm, or after surgery to remove the remaining cells. Chemotherapy drugs cause a large number of side effects, as they affect not only cancer cells, but all organs.

Human hair is known to fall out after chemotherapy. There is also a decrease in the formation and growth of blood cells, in particular, there are fewer white blood cells that fight infection. Accordingly, the patient is susceptible to infectious diseases. Disturbances from the digestive system (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea) are noted. It is very important during the treatment period to eat right, eat only healthy food.

Radiation therapy or radiation therapy is based on the effect of ionizing radiation on cancer cells. In this case, the cells are destroyed, die. Depending on the stage of the cancer, radiation is applied either externally or internally. Radiotherapy is also prescribed both before and after surgery. A side effect of such treatment is that not only tumor cells are damaged, but also healthy ones.

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