How To Treat Esophageal Cancer

How To Treat Esophageal Cancer
How To Treat Esophageal Cancer

Video: How To Treat Esophageal Cancer

Video: Treatment of Esophageal Cancer in 2021 | Zev A. Wainberg, MD | Professor of Medicine, UCLA 2022, October
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The final diagnosis of esophageal cancer is established after a procedure called "esophagoscopy" - a special study that allows you to examine the walls of the esophagus from the inside, as well as take a piece of suspicious tissue for biopsy. As soon as the suspicions are confirmed, it is necessary to immediately begin cancer treatment.

How to treat esophageal cancer
How to treat esophageal cancer

Instructions

Step 1

The procedure for treating esophageal cancer depends on how far the disease has gone, on the size of the tumor and the possible presence of metastases. The general state of health of the patient also plays an important role. The greatest success is achieved with surgery to remove the tumor. True, often part of the esophagus has to be amputated. At the end of the operation, the surgeon slightly pulls the stomach up, forming from it a kind of tube, which will replace the removed part of the organ. If you had to remove a lot, the esophagus can be replaced with a transplanted part of the patient's small intestine.

Step 2

Naturally, the smaller the size of the education, the higher the chances of recovery. In particularly successful cases, it is sufficient only to scrape off a part of the esophageal mucosa with a mini-tumor that has settled in it. But most often surgeons are faced with a situation where not only the esophagus itself, but also the surrounding tissues are affected by metastases, in this case they have to be removed too. Since cancer cells prefer to travel through the lymph flow, nearby lymph nodes become the first victims of metastases.

Step 3

In addition, chemotherapy is often used to deal with the remaining undetected cancer cells, and sometimes this therapy is used before surgery to reduce the tumor, and therefore the extent of the intervention.

Step 4

Radiation therapy can be used as an adjunct to other treatments, but in rare cases it is the only treatment for esophageal cancer. For example, if the patient's condition allows doubts that he will be able to survive the operation and the anesthesia associated with it.

Step 5

If the disease has gone so far that conventional methods of treatment no longer help, all that remains is to take all the necessary measures to alleviate the patient's living conditions. Often, the tumor grows so that it becomes impossible to eat normally. To prevent the patient from starving to death, a special plastic tube, a stent, is inserted into the esophagus, or a probe is inserted through the wall of the abdomen directly into the stomach.

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