How To Treat A Bruised Toe

How To Treat A Bruised Toe
How To Treat A Bruised Toe

Video: How To Treat A Bruised Toe

Video: Stubbed Toe? How to Treat? See a Dr? Is it Broken? We will Guide You. 2022, October
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Various circumstances can lead to a bruised toe. This can happen both during sports and in a domestic environment. Sometimes it leads to injury by wearing open-type shoes, when the toe of the foot is poorly protected. The severity of the injury can range from a minor injury to a fracture. In any case, first aid should be provided with a further, if necessary, visit to the doctor.

How to treat a bruised toe
How to treat a bruised toe

Instructions

Step 1

There is a medical classification of bruises according to the severity of the course:

1. The first degree is a minor skin lesion, manifested by abrasions or bruises. Has no serious consequences, does not involve the provision of medical assistance.

2. The second degree is expressed in the development of swelling, bruising and minor damage to muscle tissue. Painful sensations are acute.

3. Trauma of the third degree occurs after a strong blow. It is characterized by significant damage to muscle tissue, and may be accompanied by dislocation.

4. In the fourth degree, the damaged area does not function. Cracks, dislocations, fractures can be diagnosed.

Step 2

A bruise and fracture of a toe has different symptoms. A sign of a fracture can be severe, not passing, and even intensifying pain after a significant blow. In the event of a bruise, the pain stops after a while.

Step 3

Limb injuries can be accompanied by subcutaneous hemorrhage, edema, and soft tissue tumors. With a fracture, movements in the joint are limited or completely impossible, and edema occurs immediately, with a bruise - after a while.

Step 4

Indirect signs of a fracture may be the appearance of blood under the nail. In this case, the nail plate turns blue, and after a few days it turns black. With a bruise, blood may also be observed in the subungual space. However, the motor ability of the finger remains intact.

Step 5

An unnatural position of the finger in the joint area may indicate a fracture. On palpation, there is a crunch associated with friction of bone fragments.

Step 6

There are some restrictions to follow when you get a toe injury:

1. It is worth giving up rubbing and intensive massage of the damaged area. This can cause thrombophlebitis - clogged veins.

2. In the first 24 hours after injury, it is not recommended to use a heating pad and steam the limb in hot water.

3. Forced flexion-extension of the affected fingers is not encouraged. There should be no attempt to correct them on your own. There are qualified specialists for this.

Step 7

If a toe is injured, first aid is required. First of all, cold should be applied to the damaged area. For this, ice from the refrigerator or any frozen food is suitable. Alternatively, you can dip your leg into a bucket of cold water and apply an ice compress.

Step 8

After cooling, the site of the injury should be lubricated or bandaged with an anti-inflammatory pain relieving ointment. For unbearable pain, you can use pain relievers, referred to as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or non-narcotic analgesics. A leg with an injured toe needs to be kept calm and still. The elevated position of the limb will reduce blood flow to the affected area and will reduce pain and swelling.

Step 9

If a nail breaks as a result of a toe injury, it must be fixed with an adhesive plaster. It is possible that it will grow together. If the nail plate does come off, it must be carefully cut off. In the case of a completely torn nail, it is recommended to treat the wound with iodine, brilliant green or cologne, bandage your finger and visit a doctor.

Step 10

In the case of a sufficiently severe injury, you cannot do without visiting a specialist. A specialist will examine the injured limb and, if necessary, prescribe an X-ray or computed tomography to identify a possible fracture, damage to the ligaments and nerve endings.

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Step 11

If a dislocation is detected, the finger is adjusted by a traumatologist. A bulky subungual hematoma involves removing fluid with a syringe. This is to preserve the toenail.

Step 12

Fractures or dysfunction of the joint requires more serious medical intervention. Fracture may require surgery using pins, screws, and plates to restore the correct structure of the toe. After surgery, most often, a fixing bandage or plaster cast is applied. which speeds up bone healing. It grows together after about 4-6 weeks.

Step 13

Minor bruises can be treated with traditional medicine. A good effect is given by a bodyworm. A few tablespoons of the powder are diluted in heated water. The resulting composition is used as a compress, which must be changed twice during the day.

Step 14

You can also ease the symptoms of bruising with the help of onions. The bulb is rubbed on a coarse grater, the bandage with the resulting gruel is applied to the damaged area for several hours. Alternatively, you can use fresh onion juice lotions.

Step 15

Fresh plantain leaves are used to treat various injuries. They are crushed and applied to the sore spot. Lotions with plantain juice also have healing properties.

Step 16

Applying vodka compresses is effective. It is undesirable to use rubbing alcohol, otherwise you can get burns.

Step 17

A bruise on a toe, like any other injury, requires careful attention. If, in the event of a minor blow, you can manage on your own, then in case of severe damage to the limb, you should immediately consult a doctor for diagnosis and prescription of a treatment regimen.

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