How To Treat Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

How To Treat Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
How To Treat Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

Video: How To Treat Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

Video: How to treat Left Ventricular Hypertrophy? - Dr. Durgaprasad Reddy B 2022, October
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Left ventricular hypertrophy is not a disease, but one of the symptoms of a whole bunch of diseases. Most often, it is an acquired condition against the background of hypertension, heart defects and a number of other serious factors, which are diagnosed in each individual case on the basis of examination or patient complaints. Treatment is prescribed by a cardiologist.

How to treat left ventricular hypertrophy
How to treat left ventricular hypertrophy

Instructions

Step 1

Left ventricular hypertrophy, or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, in medicine is called the thickening of the walls of this organ, which is usually asymmetric. An increase of up to 1.5 cm is already attributed to pathology.This disease is life-threatening also because in about 40% of cases it can be asymptomatic, which means that the time required for stopping the disease and treatment, without which everything will be simply missed can be fatal. Often, hypertrophy is detected absolutely by accident - with a cardiogram of the heart, therefore it is important to check the condition of this organ annually.

Step 2

Left ventricular hypertrophy can occur even at a young age and cause sudden death, stroke, or heart attack. It also happens in babies. The most common complaint may be high blood pressure, headaches and dizziness, unstable pressure, chest pain, feeling unwell, general weakness, poor sleep, arrhythmia, and fainting. These symptoms often resemble coronary artery disease and require attention anyway. If you notice at least one of the listed symptoms in your well-being, immediately contact your cardiologist and get a referral for the necessary examinations.

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Step 3

It is believed that hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is just a symptom of a specific disease of the cardiovascular system, such as congenital heart disease or hypertension. Thickening of the walls of the left ventricle can also occur as a result of obesity, which gives an additional load on the heart. Sleep apnea is also considered to be one of the causes, which is associated with stopping breathing during sleep from a few seconds to a couple of minutes. In any case, it is important to initially establish the underlying cause of the development of such a serious symptom. You may need not only taking medications, but also surgery.

Step 4

Take all of your doctor's recommended examinations. These include ultrasound, ECG, echocardiography, blood tests, blood pressure monitoring. Based on the examinations performed, the cardiologist will prescribe treatment. The main prescriptions are inhibitors that dilate blood vessels and lower blood pressure, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers that reduce the heart rate, and calcium channel blockers. To normalize kidney function, the activity of which directly affects blood pressure, it is recommended to take thiazide diuretics. Treatment is often carried out in a hospital under the strict supervision of a physician.

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Step 5

In addition to the main therapy, observe the daily regimen, diet, and give up bad habits. Alcohol while taking beta-blockers is strictly contraindicated. Get rid of nicotine addiction, do not drink caffeinated drinks, and exercise more.

Step 6

Reduce weight as much as possible, especially if you are obese, and the amount of salt in your diet. Eat in moderation and in small portions. The diet should contain lean meats, seafood, dairy and sour milk products, fruits, vegetables. Try to eat more foods that contain vitamins, magnesium, calcium, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids - they have a positive effect on metabolism and strengthen the myocardial wall.

Step 7

Cut back on animal fats, sweets, baked goods, baked goods, smoked meats and pickles.Forget about fried foods and try to steam or oven. Also give up sugar in its pure form - it is enough if you get it from natural products, for example, fruits. But they can only be eaten if the doctor permits, taking into account the general state of your health.

Step 8

Monitor the state of the intestines, as the absorption of all nutrients by the body, as well as general immunity, depends on this. Introduce more healthy fiber to your diet. And if you have problems with stool, be sure to tell the specialist observing you about it.

Step 9

If one of the reasons for the development of hypertrophy is a sedentary lifestyle, the doctor may advise you to do swimming, aerobics, jogging, and physical therapy. Without the normalization of nutrition and habits, it is useless to take serious steps to combat such a disease, because everything can return to normal, and the disease will only progress. Naturally, do not forget that physical activity should be moderate and depend solely on the state of your body. Even just long walks in the fresh air will have a beneficial effect on your health.

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Step 10

Sometimes one of the reasons for the development of left ventricular hypertrophy can be excessive exercise. For example, in a state of borderline loading, typical for athletes or loaders. In this case, the usual load for the body must be reduced, but do it gradually.

Step 11

Check your blood pressure regularly and see your cardiologist for follow-up examinations. Try to reduce the amount of stress in your life, as nervous shocks are also contraindicated in any mediocre disease. Strictly take the medication prescribed by your doctor, which is usually prescribed for life, and if the disease progresses, the walls of the heart thicken and interfere with the blood supply to the brain or other organs, surgery may be ordered.

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