A brain cyst is a very dangerous diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography helps to establish the presence of a cyst. A cyst is a fluid-filled bladder that can be located in any area of the skull and cause certain complaints in the patient or be asymptomatic. If this diagnosis is established, then all the doctor's recommendations should be followed and surgery should not be abandoned.
Sometimes a brain cyst is discovered by chance when examining a patient for another reason. She does not bother the person with anything, and the patient does not even suspect about the presence of a tumor. But more often it happens differently. A person suffers from headaches, pressure in the head and a feeling of fullness, noise in one or both ears, hearing impairment, epilepsy, unsteady gait or limping may develop. All symptoms depend on the location of the cyst and compression of a particular area of the brain.
A cyst can develop for many reasons. These include: infection, including intrauterine; concussion; trauma; autoimmune diseases with a progressive course; micro strokes; circulatory disorders, etc.
Depending on the results of the examination, the neurosurgeon prescribes treatment, mainly surgical, sometimes urgent. Very rarely, if the cyst is small, treatment of the underlying disease is prescribed, which provoked the appearance of a tumor and numerous repeated examinations. If the cyst does not increase in size and the patient is not worried about anything, then the operation may not be done.
Depending on the location of the cyst and its size, the neurosurgeon decides which type of tumor removal is most suitable for the patient and will be the least dangerous and traumatic. In some cases, craniotomy is performed. If the place in which the cyst is located makes it possible not to open the skull, then a tube is inserted through which the accumulated fluid will gradually come out, but this method is very dangerous due to the fact that an infection can get through the open space in the skull. The most preferable and safe method is endoscopic punctures, but this operation can not always be performed, since the location of the cyst may not allow getting to it through the punctures.