One of the most common questions that people with the first, second or third disability group have is the question of the benefits provided to them by Russian legislation. The scope of the list of benefits depends on the person's disability group: the higher it is, the more benefits he is entitled to.
If you are a disabled person of the first category, know that you are entitled to a 50% discount on payments for using utilities such as gas, water, electricity and heating, as well as a 50% discount on payments for a home phone number and on medications prescribed by a doctor and included in list of preferential drugs. A 50% discount is also provided for travel by rail or air during the "autumn-spring" period.
In addition, you are entitled to free travel on any type of city and suburban transport, compulsory labor leave of 30 calendar days, and unpaid leave of 60 calendar days, as well as free sanatorium treatment once a year.
The list of benefits provided to people with disabilities of the first group includes a reduction in the working day or working week, as well as a ban on engaging in night and overtime work without their prior consent. Disabled persons of the first group are also exempted from paying land tax.
If you have a second group of disabilities, you are entitled to the same benefits as for the first group of people with disabilities. In addition, you are partially exempt from paying taxes related to the ownership of vehicles and real estate.
People with the third group of disabilities are provided with a smaller amount of benefits compared to people with disabilities of the first and second groups. The list of benefits includes: free travel by public transport (except for taxis), 50% discount on travel by rail during the "autumn-spring" period, free spa treatment once every 2 years.
Persons with disabilities of the third group can also apply for compulsory labor leave of 26 calendar days, as well as leave without pay for 30 calendar days. With the consent of the management of the organization, a disabled person of the third group can work part-time or part-time. In this case, the salary will be calculated in proportion to the hours worked. The list of benefits for such people also includes a ban on the compulsory involvement of them in night and overtime work.
Persons with disabilities of the first, second, and third groups have the right to receive a monthly cash allowance, the amount of which does not depend on their length of service and the circumstances in which they received injuries or diseases that led to disability.