Male infertility is a man's inability to conceive a child. This problem arises due to the lack of healthy spermatozoa, as well as the inability to deliver them to the woman's body. There are many reasons leading to these problems. In some cases, similar disorders in the body can be cured.
If you suffer from infertility, first of all, you need to make some changes in your own life. For example, stop drinking alcoholic beverages, quit smoking. These bad habits negatively affect the reproductive health of men. High temperatures often interfere with the efficient reproduction of healthy sperm. Therefore, try to avoid, for example, hot baths. Do not take testosterone medications, as they can worsen the health condition of infertility.
The method of infertility treatment depends on the causes of its occurrence. For example, disorders of the reproductive tract often cause sperm to simply not be able to move as they should. With such pathologies, the problem in most cases is solved surgically.
A less common cause of infertility is insufficient function of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. This problem is expressed in the inability of the brain to regulate the production of necessary hormones. Treatment in this case is carried out with the help of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). The course of taking this hormone can last up to six months. A man is given 3 injections of hCG every week, sometimes such injections become daily. The dosage of the hCG hormone is selected for each man individually. It depends on the level of testosterone in the blood, which is checked regularly through blood tests.
If treatment with hCG does not give positive results, it is possible to use recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone, which is also injected with injections. Treatment usually lasts several years. It gives quite good results.
A common cause of infertility is varicocele - varicose veins of the spermatic cord. It leads to poor circulation, lack of oxygen and other problems. All this causes a deterioration in the quality of sperm, as well as a decrease in their number. Varicocele requires immediate treatment, otherwise it can lead to irreversible changes that cannot be corrected even with surgery. The disease is usually treated with a microsurgical ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) procedure. Surgery is another method of treatment, but it does not always give a positive result.