Pharyngomycosis is a fungal infection of the pharyngeal mucosa. As a rule, it is a leptotrix fungus. This disease is characterized by the appearance of white dense formations in the form of thorns on the pharyngeal mucosa, in the lacunae of the tonsils, on the side walls of the oral cavity. In most cases, such a disease does not deliver a pronounced physical discomfort to a person. But despite this, it needs to be treated. After all, a progressive fungus can even lead to hospitalization.
If a person has pharyngomycosis, an experienced doctor will immediately see this during a routine examination of the oral cavity. The thorns, which appear as a symptom, are quite clearly visible on the mucous membranes. The cause of their occurrence is the active proliferation of the epithelium with keratinization.
Since pharyngomycosis does not deliver any special troubles to a person, such as, for example, the same sore throat, and adults rarely go to a doctor, the disease can progress and develop into a chronic one.
The cause of pharyngomycosis in most cases is the previous irrational use of antibacterial drugs. In addition, chronic tonsillitis can turn into it. This fungus also appears due to vitamin deficiency. The diagnosis can be made by taking samples from the pharynx.
How to treat pharyngomycosis
Treatment is primarily aimed at destroying the parasitic fungus. It is known that all mycotic diseases require long-term treatment and high-quality prophylaxis in order to avoid relapses. It's better to tune in to this right away.
The easiest treatment is to lubricate the mucous membrane and tonsils with a solution of iodine and glycerin. For this, the usual "Lugol" is suitable. In addition, it will be useful to rinse the throat and rinse the lacunae of the tonsils with a 0.1% solution of quinosol. You need to perform this procedure only 2 times a week.
Sometimes, if chronic tonsillitis is diagnosed with pharyngomycosis, doctors decide to remove the tonsils. In advanced cases, the patient is hospitalized and treated in a hospital setting.
In addition to "Lugol", special therapy with antifungal drugs should also be used. Which and how should be prescribed by the observing therapist or mycologist. After all, the drug is selected based on the analysis data. The action of these drugs extends specifically to the fungus and aims at its complete destruction. Most often, as practice shows, doctors prescribe "Fluconazole" in dosage depending on the severity of the condition. If the treatment is ineffective, it is replaced with another drug.
For irrigation and lubrication of the oral cavity, in addition to "Lugol", you can use "Miramistin", borax in glycerin and other antiseptics.
With an exacerbation of the disease, additional drug therapy is prescribed for 1-2 weeks.
Prevention of pharyngomycosis
With favorable prognosis, the treatment of pharyngomycosis takes about 2 weeks. But this is in the event that the disease was detected early and has not yet had time to progress. In all other situations, especially if the course of the disease is already chronic, this period can increase significantly.
Therefore, it is better to worry about your health in advance and take preventive measures that will either completely avoid infection, or significantly reduce the activity of the fungus.
So, the number of preventive measures include the exclusion of incorrect intake of antibiotics (they should be prescribed by a doctor based on the results of the study), glucocorticoids. General strengthening therapy is also recommended (adherence to the daily routine, work, walks, good sleep, proper nutrition, etc.).