The intrauterine device is one of the most reliable methods of female contraception; when used, the degree of protection against unwanted pregnancy reaches 98%. Of the many types of spirals, only a gynecologist can choose the right one for you.
Before choosing an intrauterine device, undergo a gynecological examination. Contraindications for the procedure can be chronic and acute inflammatory, fungal and infectious diseases of the genital organs, pregnancy, oncological processes in the cervix, weakness of the heart, the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections in the absence of a permanent partner.
Choose a copper-containing IUD if you are not allergic to this metal. Copper ions have a detrimental effect on sperm and eggs due to the creation of an acidic environment in the uterus. To increase the service life of copper-containing IUDs, silver is added to their composition.
Choose an intrauterine device with gold plating if, for some reason, your body cannot tolerate the presence of copper elements. The principle of operation and the effect of this spiral is the same as that of the copper-containing one.
The most effective are the latest generation with hormones that suppress ovulation and interfere with the movement of sperm in the uterus. In addition to the main function, these spirals prevent inflammatory diseases of the female organs, reduce menstrual pain. Stop using this method of contraception if you are not planning a pregnancy in the next five years.
The advantages of intrauterine devices of all generations over other types of contraceptives are obvious, however, this method also has disadvantages, such as discomfort in the first hours after the introduction of the spiral, insecurity from sexually transmitted infections, menstrual irregularities, and the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Therefore, before choosing an intrauterine device, it is necessary to weigh the pros and cons and consult with a gynecologist.