All About The Contraceptive Coil

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All About The Contraceptive Coil
All About The Contraceptive Coil

Video: All About The Contraceptive Coil

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Video: Having an IUD/IUS contraception fitted 2023, February

The intrauterine device is one of the most common and reliable contraceptives. Therefore, more and more women seek to install this device in the uterine cavity with the help of a doctor. But, like any method of contraception, the intrauterine device has its pros, cons and contraindications, which should be carefully read.

All about the contraceptive coil
All about the contraceptive coil

The advantage of the IUD

The intrauterine device is quite easy to use. It is established by a gynecologist, this manipulation usually does not cause any difficulties. The contraceptive effect begins immediately after insertion. If a woman decides to conceive a child, then this issue can be dealt with immediately after removing the intrauterine device. Another significant advantage of the IUD is its long term of validity - up to six years.

The pluses of the contraceptive spiral include the fact that the new generation of contraceptives are designed in such a way that neither the woman nor the man feel them, and they do not affect the quality of intercourse. The only thing a woman should do is to be examined by her gynecologist once every six months. There are intrauterine devices containing hormones that have a positive effect on the body: they reduce menstrual pain and prevent the development of inflammatory diseases (pelvic organs). Such a spiral does not affect weight gain, does not contribute to a change in blood pressure.

How does the intrauterine device work?

The contraceptive coil affects the ability of sperm to move through the cervix. It prevents the implantation of an egg into the walls of the uterus. Progestin-containing coils prevent ovulation. The copper coil has a detrimental effect not only on the sperm, but also on the egg. The effectiveness of this contraceptive is quite high due to the summation of different mechanisms of action and is about 90%.

Spiral introduction

The introduction of an intrauterine device is recommended on the second to eighth day of the menstrual cycle in a medical institution. During this period, the mucous membrane is the least vulnerable, and the cervical canal is slightly open. This makes the insertion of the IUD safe and less traumatic. Before installing the spiral, a vaginal examination, as well as probing of the uterine cavity, is mandatory. An experienced gynecologist exposes the cervix with the help of mirrors, then treats it with an antiseptic, and if necessary, anesthetizes. For the introduction of the spiral, a special guide is used, through which the contraceptive is inserted with caution. After the IUD is inserted, the conductor is removed and the threads are trimmed.

Possible complications

In some cases, complications may occur after the introduction of an intrauterine device. The most common complication is infection, the development of local inflammation on the cervix, fallopian tubes or the uterus itself. This situation occurs with insufficient adherence to antiseptic measures, as well as if a woman suffers from one or another chronic disease. The main symptoms of inflammation are severe pain in the lower abdomen and genital area, discoloration of the discharge, and an increase in body temperature. Infectious complications require antibiotic treatment, hospitalization is possible.

Perforation of the uterine wall is another rather serious, but rare complication with the introduction of an intrauterine device. During the actual installation of the IUD, there may be no symptoms at all. They appear later, include pulling pains in the abdomen, as well as bleeding from the genital tract (in severe cases, symptoms of peritonitis are observed).


There are a number of contraindications to the use of a contraceptive coil:

- cervical erosion;

- scars on the uterus after childbirth;

- uterine bleeding;

- violation of blood clotting;

- malignant neoplasms in the uterus;

- chronic infections of the internal genital organs;

- suspicion of pregnancy;

- allergy to the components of the spiral.

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