One of the means of treating colds and their prevention is inhalation. Someone breathes in the old fashioned way over potato broth, wrapped in a towel, and someone prefers a nebulizer - an inhalation device that resembles an aerosol by the nature of its work. The medicinal liquid in the nebulizer breaks down into many small particles, which, by spraying, enter the human body through the mouth or nose. To achieve the desired therapeutic effect, it is important to know what you can fill the nebulizer with.
Read the instructions for the functionality of the nebulizer. Some homemade solutions can damage the instrument. Use special inhalation solutions available from your pharmacy. For example, Berodual or Lazolvan are most often used to dilute sputum when coughing and relieve bronchospasm. The recommended dose for inhalation is diluted 1: 1 with sterile sodium chloride solution (saline) to a final volume of 3-4 ml (2 ml for children under 6 years of age). The frequency of such inhalations is 2-3 times a day for 5-10 minutes. For each inhalation, the solution is diluted anew, and the residues after the procedure are destroyed. It is not recommended to dilute solutions for inhalation with plain and distilled water, as spasms and coughing may occur when inhaled.
To irrigate the nasopharynx with a runny nose, you can fill the nebulizer with mineral waters, such as "Essentuki", "Borjomi" or "Narzan". The healing properties of mineral salts are to reduce inflammation and facilitate breathing. Mineral water does not need to be diluted, it is enough to pour 2-4 ml into the solution container. Unlike inhalations with special solutions, mineral inhalations can be done up to 6 times a day.
You can fill the nebulizer with some anti-inflammatory inhalation suspensions. Most often they use "Pulmicort (Budesonide)". This drug is suitable for the treatment of obstructive pulmonary diseases (bronchitis) and as a prophylaxis for bronchial asthma. The suspension is also diluted with saline, the daily dose should not exceed 1 mg. For inhalation with this drug, only a compressor nebulizer is suitable. To use the drug "Pulmicort" should be prescribed and under the supervision of a doctor, since this drug contains hormones and has a bunch of side effects. For example, growth retardation in children.
It is possible to use antibacterial drugs such as Furacilin in nebulizers. The ready-made solution is bought at a pharmacy and is used at the rate of 3 ml per inhalation. Two inhalations a day are enough.
If you still trust herbs, dilute 2 ml of Tonsilgon with 1: 1 saline solution. This drug is a homeopathic remedy and is used to treat chronic inflammatory diseases of the throat and nasopharynx. Tonsilgon contains chamomile flowers, yarrow, horsetail, marshmallow root, oak bark and other medicinal herbs. Inhalation with a diluted tincture of such herbs strengthens the immune system, reduces the risk of complications from colds and has an excellent antiseptic effect.
It is strictly forbidden to use oily preparations (including essential oils) in nebulizers. Particles of oils have a complex structure, are more difficult to break into particles and can clog into separate elements of nebulizers. Damage to the device when using oily substances is inevitable.