How To Get Tested For STIs

Table of contents:

How To Get Tested For STIs
How To Get Tested For STIs

Video: How To Get Tested For STIs

Video: How do you actually get tested for STIs? 2022, November
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Sexually transmitted diseases are dangerous because they often occur without visible signs. The asymptomatic course is fraught with numerous complications - in women, miscarriage, infertility, fetal malformations are possible, in men - erectile dysfunction, sperm inactivity. Regardless of gender, a neglected disease can lead to dysfunctions of various organs, including those not related to the genitourinary system. That is why timely diagnosis is so important.

How to get tested for STIs
How to get tested for STIs

Instructions

Step 1

Sexually transmitted infections do not immediately cause infection - an incubation period passes between the entry of the pathogen into the body and the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease. Therefore, it makes no sense to rush to a dermatovenerologist immediately after unprotected sexual intercourse for a referral for tests - the results of the examination may turn out to be false-negative. However, if you have any suspicions about your partner's health, your doctor may prescribe a prophylactic course of broad-spectrum antibiotics - this is done within the first two to three days after unprotected contact.

Step 2

Preventive treatment is unable to protect against some diseases, including the most serious ones - hepatitis, HIV, genital herpes. Therefore, two weeks after the end of the prophylactic course of antibiotics, in any case, you will have to be tested. All this time, it is required to limit sexual intercourse in order not to infect a partner, or to use condoms.

Step 3

It should be checked for sexually transmitted infections not only after unprotected contact with a new partner, but also in some other cases. It is imperative to be tested when unusual discharge from the vagina or urethra appears, with any rashes, sores, erosions in the genital area or anus, with cramps or pain during urination. In addition, sexually transmitted infections should be tested for couples planning to become parents. For people who have not previously undergone diagnostics and who have sex with one regular partner, a single examination is recommended to exclude asymptomatic diseases.

Step 4

Tests for sexually transmitted infections, performed by ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), PCR (polymerase chain reaction) or culture, are also often used due to the simplicity and low cost of analyzing a conventional smear under a microscope.

Step 5

In men, the doctor takes a smear from the urethra, in women - from the cervical canal, from the posterior fornix of the vagina and the external opening of the urethra. Before taking a smear, you must refrain from sexual intercourse for three days and not go to the toilet for two hours. Roughly the same recommendations apply when preparing for a PCR test - the material is taken in the same way as with a regular smear. Women are advised to refrain from washing up in the morning before taking tests. The results of a regular smear are usually known in a day, the result of PCR - in two to three days.

Step 6

Blood sampling for ELISA does not require special preparation, although it is not recommended to eat fatty foods on the eve of the analysis. The results of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay are usually known within a few hours.

Step 7

A culture study involves sowing material taken from the genital tract into a nutrient medium. After a while, microorganisms begin to multiply in the material, after which laboratory specialists identify them and determine their sensitivity to antibiotics. Smear culture results are available at least 72 hours later, usually at least a week.

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