One of the most effective and common diagnostic methods is ultrasound. It can be used to assess the condition of most internal organs, joints, soft tissues, heart and brain in babies. Ultrasound is safe and painless, so it can be performed without age and quantity restrictions.
Eliminate black bread, raw vegetables and fruits, and whole milk from your diet if your doctor has prescribed an abdominal ultrasound. This diet is recommended for the three days preceding the study. If the recommendations are not followed, your intestines will be filled with gases, which will complicate visualization and make the study uninformative. For the same reason, bowel movements should be performed on the day of the study. Espumisan, taken the day before in an age-specific dosage, will reduce gas formation, as a result of which an ultrasound diagnostician will be able to get a high-quality image of your organs and make the correct conclusion.
Refrain from eating after 7 pm on the day preceding the day of the study. Ultrasound is done strictly on an empty stomach, so on the appointed day you will have to refuse breakfast. A light breakfast is allowed only if the study is scheduled for the afternoon, but after it you will not be able to eat or drink.
Take with you half a liter of kefir if, in addition to ultrasound of the abdominal organs, it is recommended to determine the function of the gallbladder. The rest of the preparation is no different from the one described in the previous steps.
Do a cleansing enema on the eve of the study if you are prescribed an ultrasound of the pelvic organs. If the study is to be performed with an internal sensor (transvaginal for women and transrectal for men), the bladder should be emptied just before the study. Additional preparation is not required, you can eat and drink without additional restrictions, both on the day of the study and the day before. Although the consumption of foods that increase gas production, it is better to limit it. If an ultrasound is performed abdominal (through the anterior abdominal wall), you need to drink at least a liter of fluid an hour and a half before the examination, so that by the beginning of the examination, the bladder is very full. Similar preparation is required if an ultrasound of the bladder is prescribed.