How To Treat Cerebrovascular Disease

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How To Treat Cerebrovascular Disease
How To Treat Cerebrovascular Disease

Video: How To Treat Cerebrovascular Disease

Video: Ischemic Stroke - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology 2022, December
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Cerebrovascular disease is characterized by damage to the vessels of the brain. It leads to constant oxygen starvation of the brain and disruption of its functions. One of the main reasons for its appearance is vascular atherosclerosis.

How to treat cerebrovascular disease
How to treat cerebrovascular disease

Cerebrovascular disease symptoms

Atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart pathologies, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, diabetes mellitus and hormonal disorders can provoke the development of cerebrovascular disease. Additional factors contributing to the onset of this disease are smoking and being overweight. The first symptoms of cerebrovascular disease are increased fatigue, decreased performance, the appearance of insomnia and a constant bad mood. As the disease progresses, memory and ability to concentrate deteriorate, and chronic headaches appear, accompanied by dizziness and tinnitus.

Some patients experience depression, decreased intelligence, and other disorders.

With cerebrovascular disease, cerebral crises are periodically observed. They are manifested by weakness, impaired vision, thinking and speech, impaired sensitivity in the legs and arms on one side of the body. If these symptoms disappear within two days, in this case they are signs of a transient cerebrovascular accident. If they persist longer, the diagnosis is disappointing - stroke.

How to treat cerebrovascular disease

Cerebrovascular disease treatment should be started as early as possible. The patient is advised to completely change his lifestyle - to start following a healthy balanced diet, lose weight, get rid of bad habits. The patient is prescribed drugs that dilate the blood vessels of the brain, and nootropics - drugs that improve cognitive functions. Also prescribed drugs that lower blood pressure, antiarrhythmic drugs, drugs for the treatment of systemic atherosclerosis, for antithrombotic treatment. In order to improve cerebral circulation, calcium channel blockers are used, as well as drugs that block the activity of certain brain enzymes, antioxidants, and multivitamins.

In some cases, cryoapheresis (CPS) is prescribed to improve blood circulation in the brain. With this procedure, atherogenic factors are removed from the blood, and the elastic properties of blood vessels are improved.

In a severe course of the disease, surgery is indicated - angioplasty (insertion of a catheter with a balloon into the lumen of the artery and its subsequent inflation to increase the lumen of the vessel), endarterectomy (removal of a blood clot from the artery) and stenting of the carotid artery (a stent is installed that maintains the open lumen of the vessel).

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