A lot of people get gas in the stomach, and sometimes it happens at the most inopportune times. In a physically healthy person, their volume can reach up to two liters, and the frequency of excretion can be up to 15 times in one day.
The composition of gases in the body and the reasons for their appearance
Intestinal gases are mainly composed of oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, and methane. They often cannot be felt through the sense of smell. The appearance of an unpleasant odor is provoked by sulfur-containing substances, the formation of which occurs as a result of the vital activity of bacteria living in the large intestine. Gas in the abdomen is a common occurrence, but if there is an excessive amount or there are any failures in the mechanisms for removing them, a person may feel some discomfort.
Gases enter the stomach as a result of swallowing air during smoking, chewing gum, eating, and in the intestine, their accumulation occurs as a result of the vital activity of all microorganisms inhabiting it. The discharge of gases from the digestive tract is carried out during belching, partly through the rectum, as well as through their absorption into the general bloodstream.
The reasons leading to flatulence or bloating, as well as the appearance of gas and heaviness in the stomach, are often excessive consumption of legumes, potatoes, cabbage, natural milk, beer, grapes, carbonated drinks, kvass, and black bread. Discomfort in the abdomen can also cause a change in the normal microflora in the stomach, the development of putrefactive or fermentative processes in the human intestine. Increased flatulence can also be triggered by impaired intestinal motility, due to surgery, stress, or a disorder of the nervous system.
Methods for dealing with increased gassing
Experts recommend to consume as little fresh bread, peas, beans as possible, to include in the diet a large amount of products containing protein (cottage cheese, chicken eggs, meat, fish, and also yogurt). It is necessary to strive to reduce the use of chewing gum, to refrain from too cold or hot food. It is also better to eat food at about the same time, in small portions, while chewing it thoroughly and slowly.
There are folk recipes that can help reduce the amount of gas in the stomach and get rid of the bloating condition. It is necessary in the morning and in the evening to drink an infusion of peppermint seeds, anise, a decoction of chamomile flowers or fresh potato juice.
You can use medicines that contain enzymes that improve bowel health, eliminate bloating, and help normalize digestion. Such funds include: "Creon", "Pancreatin", "Smecta" or "Mezim forte". If the bloating is caused by a dietary disorder or is the result of eating a poorly digestible product, you can take the drug Espumisan, which helps to treat episodic cases.