Arthrosis is a disease of the joints that develops as a result of degenerative-dystrophic processes. Arthrosis is characterized by pain, limitation of limb mobility.
With arthrosis, accompanied by pain and inflammation, intramuscular injections of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. These include: "Diclofenac", "Indomethacin", "Ketoprofen", "Nimulid". They eliminate pain symptoms, inflammation and swelling. These drugs are used for up to 10 days and have many side effects.
Often with severe pain, intra-articular injections of hormonal drugs of the corticosteroid type are prescribed: "Flosteron", "Diprospan", "Kenalog", "Celeston", "Hydrocortisone", etc. These drugs have a powerful analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Just like NSAIDs, they are not able to get rid of the disease, but only relieve pain symptoms, and can be used in combination with the main methods of treatment.
Corticosteroids have many side effects, so they are prescribed when conventional pain relievers do not work.
The frequency and dosage of injections are determined by the attending physician. To make hormone therapy safe, injections are given no more than twice a month. If an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect is not observed after the first injection, most likely the drug is not suitable. If the therapeutic effect does not occur after the second drug, this can be regarded as a contraindication to hormone therapy.
In order to restore the destroyed cartilage in arthrosis, injections of chondroprotectors are prescribed: "Don", "Alflutop", "Elbona", "Hondrolon". They are done only in the absence of symptoms of inflammation. Once inside the cartilage, the active substances stimulate the production of healthy cells, which eventually replace the damaged ones. The constituent components of chondroprotectors are glucosamine and chondroitin. Chondroitin is a biologically active substance that stimulates and restores calcium-phosphorus metabolism in cartilage. Glucosamine is a biologically active substance that stimulates the production of hyaluronic acid. The course of treatment with hondoprotectors can be 25-30 injections 1-2 times a year.
For arthrosis, hyaluronic acid injections are also prescribed. This substance gives the joint mobility, promotes the production of its own collagen and prevents its destruction. It helps relieve inflammation, pain and greatly facilitates movement. Hyaluronic acid injections are given once a year in a course of 3-5 injections with an interval of 1-2 weeks.