When fat metabolism is disturbed, cholesterol plaques are deposited on the inner surface of the vessels, clogging the vessels. Atherosclerosis occurs, which in recent years has progressed among young people and leads to the development of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. More than half of the working population of our country needs prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis.
Review your diet. Include more plant foods and limit your intake of foods high in cholesterol - fatty meats, caviar, egg yolk, whole milk. Create a complete menu, including portions of lean meat, fish, or cottage cheese. Limit yourself in the consumption of easily digestible carbohydrates - sweets, muffins, sugar. Eat vegetables and fruits fresh or baked. Reduce the amount of salt to 7 grams per day. Being overweight can lead to plaque buildup. A low-calorie diet can slow the progression of atherosclerosis.
Change your lifestyle. Stop smoking. Smoking activates the development of atherosclerosis, especially its intensity. Clinical studies show that, on average, after four years, plaque cholesterol levels in quitters are reduced to levels that have never smoked.
Get exercise. Getting to work by bike, on foot, or taking a nightly walk can help eliminate many of the factors that cause atherosclerosis, maintain a healthy weight, and reduce the risk of diabetes and stress. Clinical studies show that regular exercise increases the levels of a-cholesterol, which prevents atherosclerosis.
Develop psychological resistance to stress. Psychoemotional overstrain leads to compression of blood vessels, loss of their elasticity, which, with improper nutrition, leads to an increase in cholesterol plaques. The ability to relax in any situations leads to their decrease.
Monitor your health. Studies prove that diabetes mellitus and gallstone disease lead to a change in fat metabolism, which is accompanied by an increase in blood cholesterol levels.
Remember that it is possible to reduce the level of cholesterol plaques through lifestyle changes, and in case of urgent need - taking medications or surgery. Cholesterol-lowering medications are selected individually and must be monitored by a physician.