How To Treat ICP In A Child

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How To Treat ICP In A Child
How To Treat ICP In A Child

Video: How To Treat ICP In A Child

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Video: "Guidelines for the Management of Pediatric Severe Traumatic Brain Injury" by Pat Kochanek 2023, January
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Increased intracranial pressure (hypertension) is a potentially life-threatening neurological event. Timely treatment of this condition can significantly improve the well-being of the child and reduce the likelihood of worsening symptoms in the future.

How to treat ICP in a child
How to treat ICP in a child

Instructions

Step 1

High blood pressure depends on the reasons associated with the activity of the brain and heart. Before starting therapy, it is important to establish the disease that is the causative agent of high ICP, and then to carry out treatment. Head trauma (cerebral edema, cerebral hemorrhage), heart problems, neoplastic causes (brain tumors), hydrocephalus, central nervous system infections, congenital metabolic problems and structural changes in organs are the main factors in children that provoke hypertension.

Step 2

Treatment for high blood pressure is to lower it and identify the cause that caused it. Neurologically stable children with a chronic form of the disease are treated with acetazolamide and other specialized diuretics (diuretics), as well as steroids. With a diagnosed tumor, it is possible to prescribe corticosteroid drugs, surgery, as well as a chemical or radiation method of exposure to the neoplasm.

Step 3

When heart problems are detected, beta-blockers are prescribed to help reduce the stress on the baby's heart and reduce the heartbeat. Angiotensin-converting enzyme drugs relax the blood vessels. The appointment of these drugs should be made only by the attending physician after conducting appropriate research and diagnostic manipulations. Treatment of a child with these means without prior consultation can cause irreparable harm to the child's health. To make the correct diagnosis, blood, urine and hormonal tests are used. Echocardiography and ultrasonography are also indispensable techniques in determining the causes of hypertension. Angiography can help identify problems with your blood vessels. Other methods (CT, MRI, scintigraphy, polysomnography) are required if the disease has not been identified after the initial tests.

Step 4

If your baby's high blood pressure is caused by obesity, a special diet may be required to avoid taking certain medications. And although the effect of modern ICP lowering agents on the development of the child's body has not been studied, some of the drugs can cause unpleasant side effects. In especially severe cases and with intense pain, hospitalization of the child and his further observation in a hospital setting may be required.

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