How To Determine The Level Of Hemoglobin

How To Determine The Level Of Hemoglobin
How To Determine The Level Of Hemoglobin

Video: How To Determine The Level Of Hemoglobin

Video: Haemoglobin Test Procedure | Hgb Blood Test Method | Blood Hemoglobin 2022, November
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Determining the level of hemoglobin in the blood allows you to identify abnormalities in the work of internal organs, detect metabolic disorders and take timely measures to correct the situation.

How to determine the level of hemoglobin
How to determine the level of hemoglobin

Hemoglobin is a special protein that is part of erythrocytes - red blood cells responsible for the entry of oxygen into the cells of the body and the removal of decay products. A deviation from the norm of this indicator occurs when the normal biological processes in the body are disrupted and can lead to the development of various complications.

To determine the level of hemoglobin, you need to pass a general blood test. Blood sampling should be done on an empty stomach, from a vein, or from a finger. Clinical laboratories of polyclinics are now equipped with special hematological analyzers, which automatically calculate important blood parameters: leukocytes, erythrocytes, platelets, hemoglobin, ESR, etc., earlier these parameters were counted manually by laboratory assistants.

Indicators and standards for the level of hemoglobin in the blood may differ depending on gender, quality of nutrition, age of the patient, physical activity, which he was subjected to before taking the test. The following indicators of hemoglobin are considered within the normal range: in women 120-150 g / l; in men 135-165 g / l; in children 120-140 g / l; in pregnant women 110 g / l. If this indicator is lower, then it is necessary to correct it; for this, special treatment regimens have been developed.

For a person, both low and high hemoglobin levels are dangerous: in the second case, it indicates an increased blood viscosity, which in the future may cause cardiovascular diseases. In such patients, there is a risk of developing heart attacks, strokes, thrombosis, if this factor is accompanied by other indicators. If a significant increase in hemoglobin level is detected, the doctor should prescribe the patient a course of treatment with drugs that thin the blood.

Still, patients are more troubled by a low level of this protein - with a lack of hemoglobin in the blood, iron deficiency anemia develops, when the blood loses its ability to fully perform its function and transport oxygen to the cells. This condition is especially dangerous for pregnant women - the fetus can develop chronic intrauterine hypoxia, which is dangerous for its complications: delayed development of the fetus, the danger of premature detachment of the normally located placenta, premature birth.

Patients with iron deficiency anemia need to try to change their lifestyle and nutrition: get rid of bad habits, eat more vegetables, herbs, legumes, buckwheat and oatmeal. The champion in iron content is liver, as well as beef and veal. Sports activities, outdoor walks, sunbathing are of great importance. If the hemoglobin levels are significantly lower than normal, the doctor prescribes iron preparations, which must be used under constant control of the hemoglobin level - an increased iron content in the body is as harmful as its lack.

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