Burn damage can be very different, and blisters are one form of such damage. They usually appear with second-degree burns. Blisters are unpleasant formations, but they are also a way of protecting the body from various bacteria entering damaged tissues. Such damage can leave scars, but with proper treatment, the effects can be minimized.
It is necessary
- - antibacterial soap;
- - sterile gauze;
- - antibacterial ointment;
- - gel based on aloe vera;
- - needle and scissors;
- - bandage or adhesive plaster.
Burn blisters can be open or closed. The sequence of procedures for their treatment is almost the same, however, there are some peculiarities. If the burn results in a closed blister, the first thing you should do is rinse the wound with cold water. Keep the burned area of skin under water for 4 minutes, try not to use a strong jet, for example, from a tap, this can damage the wound. Next, wash the area with an antibacterial soap, while being careful not to rub the blister too hard. Dry the skin with sterile gauze, blotting gently.
Apply an antibacterial ointment (Bacitracin, Neosporin, etc.) to the blister surface, then cover it with a bandage or porous adhesive plaster. The layer of ointment should be large enough, in a humid environment the blister will heal much faster and will not leave scars. This procedure must be done daily, do not forget to wash the wound with antibacterial soap every time. You may need to change the dressing several times a day if it starts to stick to the skin or gets dirty.
Sometimes the pain of the burn becomes unbearable, perhaps the best way to do this is to get rid of the blister. However, even in this case, before draining the contents of the blister, it is necessary to give it time to heal on its own for several days. Once you're ready, dampen the blister with a swab soaked in rubbing alcohol. Moisten a small needle with alcohol and make a small puncture on the surface of the blister. After the contents have drained out, apply an antibacterial ointment to the wound and apply a bandage (bandage or adhesive plaster).
Dead skin may form on the blister within 4 days. Dampen a small scissors with rubbing alcohol and carefully cut it off. Wear the bandage until new skin begins to show underneath, and it turns pinkish in color.
Treatment of initially open blisters is complicated by the fact that bacteria can easily enter them. To treat them, you need to apply an antibacterial ointment or aloe vera gel to the wound. This will help deal with possible infections. Then apply a loose gauze bandage and do not remove it for 24 hours. This will greatly speed up the healing process. This bandage requires regular replacement. Moisten the wound with warm water before removing it to prevent the material from sticking to it. Then apply a new layer of ointment or gel and put on a new bandage.