A burn is one of the most painful injuries a person can get. It is accompanied by damage to the surface of the skin of varying severity. Some burns heal quite quickly, while significant injuries may require medical attention. Self-treatment of burns can be done in several ways.
Effective self-treatment of burns can only be carried out with minor injuries. Determine the severity of your injuries before starting treatment. First-degree burns are most common and are accompanied by mild pain, redness and slight swelling of the skin. Such burns do not affect the deep layers of the skin and, as a rule, can be healed on their own.
Second-degree burns are characterized by more intense pain and more severe skin damage. These burns affect several layers of the skin and are accompanied by the appearance of blisters, they can still be treated on their own, however, if the area of skin damage is large, the help of doctors is needed.
The third and fourth degrees of burns are the most severe, they are manifested by complete burnout of the skin and damage to muscle fibers, bones, etc. Such burns can be caused by prolonged exposure to hot objects, liquids and open flames. Independent and effective treatment of such burns is impossible; they require immediate medical attention.
Cold water and compress
The first thing to do when getting a light burn is to place the damaged area of the skin under running cool water for 15 to 20 minutes. Avoid using too cold water, as this can damage the skin around the burn. You can also cool the burnt skin area with a cold compress. Place the ice cubes in a bag or wrap them in a towel and apply to the skin for 15 to 20 minutes.
Do not apply ice directly to the burn, as this can worsen the injury.
A solution of salt can help quickly and effectively heal the burn, as well as prevent infections. Rinse the damaged skin area with this solution every hour. To prepare the solution, mix a tablespoon of salt with 250 g of boiled water. Apply it after cooling, gradually pouring it onto the scalded skin.
Before starting self-treatment of a burn, be sure to wash your hands.
Black tea contains tannic acid. This substance increases the flow of heat from the deeper layers of the burn, thereby speeding up the healing process and reducing pain. Soak a few tea bags in warm water and apply to the burn area. The tea bags can be replaced with a regular rag by soaking it in strong brewed tea.
Milk, especially skim milk, contains enzymes that help reduce pain and speed up the healing of burns. Soak the material in milk and apply it to the burn for 15 minutes, or simply dip the burned skin in a container of milk. At the end of the procedure, be sure to rinse the burn surface with cool water.
Another remedy that helps to effectively deal with the effects of a burn is honey. Honey is known to be effective at fighting bacteria that are attracted to moist, damaged areas of the skin. Apply a thin layer of honey directly to the burn, or soak cheesecloth and wrap it over the burned skin.