Microinfarction: Symptoms And Treatment

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Microinfarction: Symptoms And Treatment
Microinfarction: Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Microinfarction: Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Myocardial Infarction - Heart attack, signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, prevention. 2022, December

Microinfarction of the heart is called small-focal necrosis of the heart muscle due to a lack of blood supply. Although a microinfarction affects only a small area of ​​damage, there is a risk of getting dangerous disturbances in the work of the heart. It is necessary to quickly recognize the disease by symptoms and begin treatment.


Symptoms of a microinfarction of the heart

The symptoms of the disease are similar to those of a large focal heart attack. These are severe nagging pains behind the sternum, pressing pain in the heart, which radiates to the left shoulder, neck and under the left shoulder blade. The pains last more than 10 minutes. and do not go away after taking nitroglycerin preparations. Patients often feel a lump in the chest, which constricts everything inside.

There is a category of people who have a reduced pain threshold. These are elderly people, patients with diabetes mellitus and people who abuse alcohol and drugs. They have no symptoms. It is possible to identify the disease in them only with an appropriate examination.

A microinfarction in a person can also proceed like a cold. The disease manifests itself in the form of increased shortness of breath. There is a feeling of acute shortage of air - it catches the throat, it becomes difficult to breathe. This can happen to anyone, regardless of whether they have healthy lungs and whether they smoke or not. After shortness of breath, the body temperature rises. These symptoms resemble an asthma attack, so many do not pay attention and, thus, miss a heart attack. Severe weakness, loss of consciousness and rhythm disturbance can also be signs of an insidious disease. You should know that with a microinfarction, the pain does not go below the navel.

The risk group includes people with impaired function of fat metabolism, poor heredity, suffering from arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. An ECG and the necessary tests will help to accurately diagnose the disease.

Treatment of a microinfarction

Treatment of the disease is carried out in a hospital, since there is a risk of expanding the heart attack zone. Patients are prescribed strict bed rest and drug therapy. Surgical intervention is performed if necessary. Of the medicines recommended are coronary artery disease, which dilate the blood vessels of the heart, drugs that dissolve a blood clot, pain relievers and drugs to improve blood flow.

Providing first aid before the arrival of an ambulance to a patient who has had a microinfarction is to maximize the relief of the cardiovascular system. To do this, it is necessary to give the patient a stable position of the body - sitting or lying down, provide an influx of fresh air, give nitroglycerin tablets every 20 minutes. and one aspirin tablet. You should also give complete emotional and physical peace.

Symptoms of a microinfarction may appear and go away, but this does not mean that the disease has receded and it does not need to be treated. Non-treatment of a microinfarction leads to great complications and brings a threat to the patient's health and life.

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