Ascorbic acid is an organic compound like glucose and is very important in the diet. Thanks to this substance, the normal functioning of bone and connective tissue is carried out, and the acid also successfully plays the role of an antioxidant.
Ascorbic acid belongs to water-soluble vitamins. Vitamin C, one of the forms of which is ascorbic acid, is necessary for the life of the human body, since it participates in a large number of biological processes. Ascorbic acid looks like a crystalline white powder with a sour taste, which can be dissolved in a liquid: in water, in an alcohol solution. In weakly acidic solutions, this vitamin is quite stable, but loses its activity in a neutral or slightly alkaline environment.
In nature, ascorbic acid can be synthesized by plants. It is found in large quantities in rose hips and red peppers, kiwi fruits, citrus fruits, onions, tomatoes, black currants, and leafy vegetables. Some of the animals are able to synthesize it on their own, while others, for example, primates, cannot. In humans, this acid is not synthesized or accumulated in the body.
Ascorbic acid must be introduced into the human body with food. For an adult, the daily allowance is from 90 mg, for pregnant women, 10 mg more is required, nursing mothers need vitamin C daily in an amount of 120 mg. For children, the daily intake is 30-90 mg.
In industry, ascorbic acid is produced by a special method. It is synthesized from glucose. A powdery substance is obtained, which is called the E300 food additive. Taking vitamin C must be done as follows: the daily dose is divided into several doses so that the concentration of the substance in the blood can be maintained constantly. Ascorbic acid is best taken with food as it will be better absorbed this way.