"Drotaverin" (drotaverine hydrochloride, "Spazmol", "No-shpa") is a myotropic antispasmodic. The drug eliminates spastic pain, facilitating relaxation of smooth muscles, and improves the supply of oxygen to the tissues.
Indications for the appointment of "Drotaverin"
"Drotaverin" is used for smooth muscle spasms of various origins. The drug acts on the cells of the smooth muscle tissues of the genitourinary, digestive and cardiovascular systems. "Drotaverin" is prescribed to eliminate spasm and pain of a spastic nature with cholecystitis, ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, constipation of spastic etiology, spastic colitis, intestinal colic with gas retention. It is used to relieve spasm in pyelitis, proctitis, cystitis, nephrolithiasis and urethrolithiasis. "Drotaverin" is prescribed for algodismenorrhea, to eliminate uterine spasm during pregnancy, with prolonged opening of the pharynx of the uterus, spasm of the pharynx of the uterus and during postpartum contractions.
"Drotaverin" is also prescribed as a vasodilator for vasospasm, for headaches caused by vasospasm.
Instructions for the use of "Drotaverin"
"Drotaverin" is taken orally, regardless of food intake, without chewing and drinking water. The doctor should determine the duration of treatment and the dose individually. In case of pain of a spastic nature, adults and children over the age of twelve are usually prescribed two to three times a day, 40-80 mg (1-2 tablets) of the drug "Drotaverin". For children under 12 years of age, the dose of the drug is also determined by the doctor. Most often, 20 mg of the drug (0.5 tablets) is prescribed once or twice a day - for children aged from six to twelve years. Children two to six years old are prescribed 10-20 mg of "Drotaverin" (0.25-0.5 tablets) once or twice a day.
The highest dose of "Drotavenin" is 240 milligrams per day.
Side effects and contraindications to the appointment of "Drotaverin"
"Drotaverin" is usually well tolerated, however, it is possible to develop nausea, vomiting, stool disturbances, sleep disturbances, headache, fainting, tachycardia, arrhythmia, decreased blood pressure, bronchospasm, swelling of the nasal mucosa, allergic reactions. The drug is contraindicated in case of severe hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, with severe arterial hypotension, severe heart failure, cardiogenic shock, renal, hepatic failure.
The drug is prescribed with caution to women during pregnancy and during breastfeeding. "Drotaverin" is not prescribed to patients whose work is directly related to driving a car or complex mechanisms. If you need to take the drug, you must refrain from doing such work for an hour. "Drotaverin" is prescribed during pregnancy only if the usefulness of the drug for the mother is higher than the possible risk for the unborn child.