Pyelonephritis: Symptoms, Tests, Nutrition

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Pyelonephritis: Symptoms, Tests, Nutrition
Pyelonephritis: Symptoms, Tests, Nutrition

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Video: Acute pyelonephritis (urinary tract infection) - causes, symptoms & pathology 2022, November
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Pyelonephritis is an inflammatory disease caused by a nonspecific infection. In this case, the renal pelvis, renal calyx and intermediate tissue of the kidney are affected.

Pyelonephritis: symptoms, tests, nutrition
Pyelonephritis: symptoms, tests, nutrition

Signs of pyelonephritis

Chronic pyelonephritis is a constant inflammatory process in the kidneys and renal tubules. The disease can be in the stage of exacerbation or in the stage of remission, when the impression of recovery is created. Chronic pyelonephritis can occur with or without a disease of the genitourinary system. The inflammatory process can affect one or two kidneys, all or part of the kidney. The most common causes of infectious pyelonephritis are E. coli, staphylococcus, mycoplasma, enterococcus. Hypothermia, stones in the urinary tract, diabetes mellitus contribute to the exacerbation of the disease.

Symptoms of chronic pyelonephritis: weakness, headache, loss of appetite, aching back pain, painful and frequent urination. In the acute stage - fever, fever, blanching of the skin. Lower back pain worsens with a deep breath, with tapping of the lumbar region.

Acute pyelonephritis begins suddenly. Body temperature rises sharply to 39 and above, severe chills, headache. After 2-3 days, pain occurs on the side of the affected area. In connection with intoxication, nausea, dry mouth, sweating, pallor of the skin and mucous membranes are noted. When probing and tapping, soreness is noted, the abdominal muscles are slightly tense.

What analyzes are performed for pyelonephritis. Power features

With pyelonephritis, general and bacterial blood tests, urine and feces are performed. A general blood test reveals a decrease in the content of red blood cells, an increase in the content of leukocytes, an increase in the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation. General urine analysis: the reaction is alkaline, the urine is cloudy, the presence of leukocytes and microbial bodies in the urine. There is also a decrease in urine density.

With pyelonephritis, especially in the acute stage, it is important to follow a certain diet. Limit protein and salt intake, and eat more easily digestible foods. The calorie content of the diet should not be lowered, you should try to consume at least 2000 kcal per day. You need to drink from 1.5 liters of clean water per day. Refuse at the acute stage from animal fats, only vegetable fats are acceptable. Do not use seasonings, especially spicy ones.

Prohibited foods: canned food, meat broths, alcohol, coffee. Recommended: vegetables, fruits, berries, juices, milk and fermented milk products in small quantities. As you recover, introduce lean meats and fish into your diet. In chronic pyelonephritis in remission, nutrition practically does not differ from usual, only alcohol, coffee and spicy foods are still highly undesirable.

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