A woman must undergo a mandatory examination by a gynecologist at least once a year. When planning a pregnancy, it is necessary to undergo an examination in advance by all specialists. In particular, it is recommended to pass certain tests.
It is necessary to remember if you have ever had such a disease as rubella in your life. If you cannot remember or you are in doubt, then you need to be tested for the appropriate antibodies. With the help of such an analysis, it will be revealed whether the body is facing an infection for the first time or has already transferred it. The analysis is carried out in order to exclude the risk of rubella during pregnancy and infection of the fetus with an infection. Any infections negatively affect the course of pregnancy, entail extreme negative consequences, including may cause miscarriage.
Without fail, a woman planning a pregnancy takes a general urine test and a general blood test. According to the results of the tests, the doctor will be able to conclude that there is or is no inflammation or abnormalities in the functioning of the kidneys in the woman's body, the level of sugar in the blood and other indicators, comparing them with the norm.
It is necessary to pass tests for latent genital infections, such as: chlamydia, gardnerella, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, herpes viruses, CMV. In an ordinary smear, they are difficult to detect, and they are called hidden because they are often in the body in a "sleeping mode", that is, they are asymptomatic. If the causative agents of these infections are found in the body, it is necessary to treat them without fail until they disappear completely. During an already onset pregnancy, it is difficult to treat them, because the antibiotics included in the course of treatment can harm the fetus.
Then it is necessary to undergo ultrasound diagnostics of the pelvic organs and mammary glands. Ultrasound is necessary in order to prevent diseases of the female internal organs, mammary glands of the expectant mother in advance, and if any are identified, start treatment on time. This method is popular due to its high information content and harmlessness to the woman's body.
A woman planning a pregnancy must be tested for AIDS, hepatitis and syphilis. Tests are passed because the presence of these infections in the body of the expectant mother is the cause of pathologies in the unborn child, and can lead to various negative consequences. The referral for these tests is also prescribed by the attending physician; in some cases, both future parents are tested for infections.
It is imperative to take a blood test to determine the group and Rh factor. And also get tested for thyroid hormones and sex hormones. Such analyzes make it possible to reliably assess the state of a woman's health, and also complement the overall picture of the state of the body of a future mother.