A runny nose (rhinitis), despite the seeming simplicity of this disease, can actually be a serious problem. The essence lies in the disruption of the processes of normal blood circulation in the nasal mucosa and adjacent tissues, which leads to excessive swelling, disruption of normal production and fluid drainage by the cells of the mucous membrane. As a result, the outflow of contents from the paranasal sinuses is disrupted, which provokes the development of sinusitis.
Treatment of rhinitis should not begin without consulting a doctor - the cause of the disease, the type of rhinitis (infectious, allergic, vasomotor) should be established and the means that affect it and have a minimal effect on the body as a whole should be selected.
The choice of a specific remedy for the common cold largely depends on the patient - the concentration of the funds used depends on the patient's age and the state of his health in general.
It should be remembered that popular vasoconstrictor drops (drugs such as "Naftizin", "Sanorin", "Galazolin") have a fairly short duration of action and have a toxic effect on the cardiovascular system and the body. In addition, addiction develops to them, and the patient cannot do without the constant intake of increasing doses of such nose drops - a vicious circle develops. Such drops from the common cold are strictly forbidden to prescribe and apply to children until the age of one year.
Preference in the treatment of rhinitis should be given to oil-based drops - such drugs do not dry out the mucous membrane, and they contain extracts of medicinal plants, which have a therapeutic effect when applied topically.
In children's practice, preference should be given to drops with an antiseptic and light cauterizing effect - "Protargol", "Coralgol", but it is better to use them only as directed by a doctor.
The safest drops from the common cold are considered drops based on water decoctions and infusions of medicinal herbs - chamomile, calendula, St. John's wort, sage, eucalyptus, but these funds act for a very short time, and they have to be buried 5-6 times a day.
You can instill in the nose drops and sprays made on the basis of sea water - "Aquamaris", "Humer". These drugs normalize the composition of nasal mucus and improve the condition of the nasal mucosa, their main advantage is the possibility of using it even in newborn children and the absence of any toxic effects on the body.