Herpes is the most common viral infection. The herpes simplex virus persists for a long time in the human body. There are 8 types of herpes virus that infect humans. 95% of the inhabitants of planet Earth are carriers of the herpes simplex virus (HSV type 1). Genital herpes causes the second type; herpes zoster and chickenpox - the third type; infectious mononucleosis is a type 4 virus.
In the human body, several types of herpes simplex viruses get along well, so it is very difficult to determine the type of virus. Most often, a person is infected with viruses of the first and second types. The herpes virus manifests itself at a time when a person's immunity is weakened by an infection, hypothermia, alcohol consumption, etc.
The herpes virus is transmitted by airborne droplets through contact with a sick person or a carrier of the virus. Under the influence of the virus, herpetic dermatitis of the eyelids and conjunctiva can develop. Symptoms of herpes dermatitis are very similar to herpes of the lips: the eyelids are covered with numerous clusters of bubbles.
HSV of the second type is transmitted only sexually, it manifests itself as a rash on the genitals. Inflamed vesicles appear on the penis 3-7 days after infection. When the bubbles break through, long-term non-healing erosion occurs in their place. In women, herpetic erosion and vesicles develop on the labia, in the vagina and on the cervix.
As a rule, the doctor determines the herpes infection visually. In some cases, laboratory tests are carried out to determine the herpes virus. For this purpose, enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) and immunofluorescence analysis, cytomorphological methods are used, and the state of immunity in the patient is also assessed.
The most reliable study that allows you to detect even single viruses is the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. For research, you will need to take a scraping from erosion or a small drop of the contents of the herpetic bladder. The result is ready in a day.
Modern medicine currently does not have drugs that can completely destroy the herpes virus. Treatment allows you to eliminate the clinical manifestations of herpes infection, but the virus itself parasitizes in the body. In the treatment of herpes of the lips, various antiherpetic ointments are widely used: eovirax, herpferon, acyclovir, vamtrex. The more often you treat the sore spot with ointment, the sooner you can get rid of the manifestations of herpes infection. Valacyclovir, acyclovir, or foscarnet are used in the treatment of genital herpes. During the period of remission, patients with genital herpes are injected with a vaccine, it contains killed herpes viruses. Vaccination is carried out at least 2 times a year. The number of relapses of infection after immunization is reduced to 1-2 per year. Treatment of herpes of the lips is reduced to frequent lubrication with antiviral ointments. Do not squeeze out herpetic blisters, you can get an infection.
The guarantee of health is a strong immunity. It is necessary to eat right, take various vitamins and minerals. In order not to get infected with the genital herpes virus, you must use a condom during sexual intercourse, be faithful to your partner. Take care of your health, lead a healthy lifestyle and then you are not afraid of any virus!