Varicose veins are a condition in which veins show through under the skin and have nodes. In the treatment of this ailment, two main methods are used: conservative treatment and surgical.
With a mild degree of illness, you need to walk more, swim, visit saunas, steam rooms, take hot baths, steam your legs, massage them with a stream of cold water. Raise your feet on the pillow 3-4 times a day for 15 minutes. All this improves blood circulation in the legs and relieves fatigue. Follow your diet. Exclude from the diet foods containing sugar, eat more fiber-rich plant foods.
With an average degree of illness, wear special compression underwear (elastic stockings, tights, bandages) during the day. They help to tone and constrict the veins and prevent the backflow of blood. They can relieve pain, bruising, and swelling. Apply pneumomassage as directed by your doctor. This method of treatment helps to improve blood circulation, eliminate swelling and discomfort.
Varicose veins are treated with medications - tablets, ointments, creams: - "Antistax", "Venitan", "Flebodia 600", "Detralex" - increase the tone of the veins;
- "Lyoton gel", "Trombophobe", "Venolife", "Curantil", "Trental" - thin the blood and prevent the appearance of blood clots;
- "Diclofenac gel" is an anti-inflammatory drug.
In clinics, you can undergo a course of treatment for varicose veins with leeches. They are able to secrete hirudin into the human body, which promotes blood thinning.
Varicose veins can be treated with sclerotherapy. With this method, the doctor injects a special chemical into the patient's varicose veins, which will scar the veins and prevent them from filling with blood.
With a severe degree of the disease, varicose veins are treated with a laser. When using laser therapy, the doctor inserts a thread into the vein, which, by emitting energy, "kills" the diseased part of the vein. The surgical method of treatment is the most painful and dangerous, but effective. During the operation, the affected veins are removed.