How To Stop Bleeding

Table of contents:

How To Stop Bleeding
How To Stop Bleeding

Video: How To Stop Bleeding

Video: How to Stop the Bleed 2022, December
Anonim

The intensity of the bleeding can sometimes threaten the victim's life or lead to serious health problems. However, in order to provide first aid correctly, it is necessary to know the features of arterial, venous and capillary bleeding.

How to stop bleeding
How to stop bleeding

Instructions

Step 1

Arterial bleeding can be recognized by the bright red color of the blood and a strong pulsating stream. It requires quick help, because in a matter of minutes it can lead to the death of the victim.

Step 2

Venous bleeding differs from arterial bleeding in dark cherry color of blood. And, despite its slow flow, it is dangerous by drawing air into the damaged vein and blocking the vessels of vital organs, for example, the heart, which inevitably leads to death. Therefore, it also requires urgent assistance.

Step 3

Capillary bleeding is usually insignificant, forms when the skin is damaged (abrasions, scratches and shallow paresis) and is stopped quite simply by a pressure bandage.

Step 4

Help with bleeding should be quick, so use any method - a tourniquet, finger pressing, applying a pressure bandage, as well as any means at hand to stop the bleeding - a handkerchief, bandage, shirt sleeve, belt, rolled clothes.

Step 5

Typically, the first reaction to bleeding is to pinch the injury with your fingers. However, observe the prerequisites for this. On the upper and lower extremities, press the damaged vessel above the wound, and on the neck and head below. Further, with moderate bleeding, apply gauze or cloth to the wound and fix with a bandage.

Step 6

In case of severe bleeding, apply an unwound bandage, gauze, cotton wool, in extreme cases, rolled clothes to the injury site and fix it with a bandage, a sleeve from a shirt or jacket. Next, apply a rubber tourniquet or an impromptu one - from a handkerchief, belt, sleeve. Before applying a tourniquet, raise the limb so that venous blood flows out, then apply the tourniquet further from the injury and be sure to fix the limb.

Step 7

Check the correct application of the tourniquet - this will be indicated by the cessation of bleeding, pale limb, no pulse and sinking of the veins. Insert a note under the tourniquet indicating the exact time (hour and minute). In summer it is 1, 5 hours, and in winter 2 hours. Then take the victim to the hospital. When transporting for more than two hours, press the vessel with your fingers, loosen the tourniquet and after 3-5 minutes reapply it, only slightly higher.

Step 8

To stop heavy bleeding from the hand, forearm, and upper arm, press the brachial artery (the inner side of the arm, above the elbow) against the bone. In case of heavy bleeding from the lower leg, press the thighs of the femoral artery (in the groin area). If the carotid artery (on the neck) is damaged, place a tourniquet around the head and around the head and the affected side of the neck. This will prevent strangulation and at the same time stop the bleeding.

Step 9

To stop nosebleeds, assume a half-sitting position with your head thrown back or reclining. Apply ice wrapped in a plastic bag and cloth or cotton wool soaked in cold water to the bridge of the nose. Squeeze the wings of the nose with your fingers and in this position, wait until the bleeding stops completely.

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