Lipoma in translation from Greek means - a fatty tumor, but in the people it is simply called - a wen. Most often, lipoma affects women, mainly of middle age (from 30 to 50 years), but the disease also occurs in men.
A characteristic feature of a lipoma is its good quality, i.e. the lack of the possibility of rebirth and the occurrence of cancer. Most often, lipoma forms in the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the visible parts of the body. Less commonly, lipoma can be found in the mammary gland, organs of the gastrointestinal tract, in the lungs and mediastinum.
Visually, the lipoma looks like a nodule with a lobular structure and surrounded by a capsule. Sometimes there is a type of lipoma without a capsule, with diffuse growths of adipose tissue. This type is called diffuse lipoma. Under a microscope, the structure of a lipoma resembles ordinary adipose tissue, but differs from it in the size of fat cells - from microscopically small to gigantic.
To the touch, the lipoma is soft, like ordinary adipose tissue. However, with a pronounced development of the connective tissue that makes up the capsule, it becomes denser. In this case, it is called fibrolipoma. With abundant germination of blood vessels into the tissue of a lipoma, it is defined as an angiolipoma, and if components of muscle fibers are included in the tissue, it is defined as a myolipoma. All these varieties are determined by histological examination of the material under a microscope.
Lipoma is rarely found in a single specimen, as a rule - lipomatosis is multiple in nature. Sometimes the formations are arranged symmetrically, this is explained by neurotrophic changes in the subcutaneous fat. Lipoma growth occurs regardless of the general condition of the body; it continues to accumulate adipose tissue even with general depletion. Sometimes education can reach large sizes. In such cases, the tumor begins to sag from the surface, the place of its connection with the skin stretches out in the form of a thin leg. When the leg of the lipoma is bent, blood stagnation and edema may occur, this is fraught with necrosis and ulceration of the tumor. In this case, you cannot do without emergency surgical intervention.
Lipomas of internal organs are determined on x-ray examination. When localized in the chest or abdominal cavity, an X-ray contrast study is used. The most informative method for diagnosing a lipoma is computed tomography, with the help of which it is possible to clearly differentiate adipose tissue in the formation.
Lipoma treatment is always prompt. after the operation is favorable, but sometimes there are relapses.