Croup is an airway inflammation syndrome caused by a virus or bacteria. Its symptoms are shortness of breath, shortness of breath, and a barking cough. Croup usually affects children between the ages of six months and three years. But it can also hit the older ones. In most cases, this syndrome does not pose a danger to life, but it causes a lot of suffering and inconvenience. Therefore, it is important to know how to deal with it.
In no case can you deal with croup only on your own, you must definitely call a doctor. Indeed, even if the stenosis (laryngeal edema) is not too pronounced, it can develop very quickly. As a result, suffocation will occur, which can be fatal. If a small child falls ill with croup, he will be offered to be hospitalized. But first you need to provide the patient with emergency care.
Actions should be aimed at restoring breathing and relieving swelling of the laryngeal mucosa, neutralizing spasms of its muscles. If the symptoms are not very pronounced, simply provide fresh air in the room where the sick person is and calm him down.
If there is no high fever, have the patient take a bath for 5-10 minutes. The water temperature should first be 37 ° C, and then slightly rise to 39 ° C.
Give the patient a drink - as much as possible. Fruit drinks and teas with honey and lemon, rosehip infusion, milk with butter, honey and soda, plain water are suitable.
Make a steam inhalation with a pinch of baking soda (1 teaspoon per glass of water), infusion of chamomile, sage, eucalyptus. Such inhalations should be done every 3 hours, they greatly facilitate the patient's condition.
The doctor will inject a 2% solution of suprastin intramuscularly to a patient with croup. If a child suffers from croup, and he is very restless, in order to prevent possible convulsions, an injection of 0.5% seduxen solution, 0.25% droperidol solution or 20% sodium hydroxybutyrate solution is given. With severe stenosis, prednisolone must be injected intramuscularly. If necessary, give antipyretic and heart medications.
If the croup is very strong, the patient must be taken to the hospital. There he will receive inhalation of warm and humid air and oxygen therapy. If the croup is not caused by a virus, but by a bacterial infection, antibiotics are prescribed. With an increase in respiratory failure, nasotracheal intubation or tracheostomy is indicated.