Fibroadenoma is a benign neoplasm of the mammary gland, consisting of glandular, connective and stromal cells. It is observed most often in young girls and women under the age of 30. Fibroadenoma can range in size from 0.2 mm to several centimeters. Formations of the order of 5-7 cm are called giant.
Fibroadenoma is the most common form of a benign breast tumor. Arising against the background of hormonal imbalance, it is one of the forms of nodular mastopathy. Usually it is a dense, painless formation that resembles a ball. All types of tumors, even benign ones, require close monitoring under the supervision of a physician.
Diagnosis is by examination and ultrasound examination of the breast. In some cases, a puncture biopsy is required. The collection of tissue pieces allows you to identify the cellular composition and prevent the appearance of breast cancer, giving an idea of the benign or malignant nature of the tumor. The final diagnosis is possible only after a histological examination of the removed tissue, if an operation is performed.
Treatment of fibroadenoma is conservative and surgical. The optimal tactics are chosen on the basis of examination, ultrasound, biopsy. They also take a blood test for hormones. Conservative therapy courses aimed at tumor resorption are recommended for small forms of fibroadenomas. However, it is important not to waste precious time: if the control ultrasound does not give positive dynamics or shows the proliferation of fibroadenoma, the question of the operation is raised. Timely surgical intervention is necessary to prevent the possible transformation of the neoplasm into a malignant one.
The question of the indication for surgery should be resolved strictly individually and take into account the results of examinations. One of the weighty arguments in favor of the operation is the planned pregnancy, since during pregnancy, rapid and uncontrolled tumor growth caused by hormonal changes is possible. In this case, the chance of malignant transformation also increases.
Attempts to cure adenoma with folk remedies are highly discouraged. Treatment of an advanced form of the disease is much more complicated and leaves behind significant external defects. In some cases, it is necessary to remove the entire breast, and sometimes it is already a question of saving a life. Therefore, it is better to immediately see a doctor as soon as you feel chest pain, a feeling of swelling, distention, heaviness in the mammary glands. Discharge from the nipples and enlargement of the lymph nodes in the armpits are also a reason for contacting a specialist. The doctor will examine you and determine the tactics of treatment.