Vegeto-vascular dystonia is a fairly common disease among people of different sexes and ages. Timely diagnosis and treatment will eliminate headaches and other unpleasant symptoms.
What is VSD and its varieties
Vegeto-vascular dystonia, or VVD, affects various systems of the human body. First of all, this concerns the peripheral nerves and the cardiovascular system. There is a classification of VSD depending on the syndromes:
- cardialgic syndrome - stabbing pains on the left side are characteristic, which occur both during physical exertion and at rest;
- tachycardic syndrome - there is a gradual increase in the number of contractions of the heart muscle, affecting older people;
- arrhythmic syndrome - a rather complex form, since the symptomatology is similar to the mild degree of myocarditis and arrhythmia;
- bradycardic syndrome is a rare form of the disease, which is manifested by a decrease in the number of heart contractions, which leads to fainting and frequent dizziness.
Signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia
Vegeto-vascular dystonia is characterized by the appearance of headaches without any structural disorders of the brain. For this reason, it can be quite difficult to identify the disease in the early stages. The violation itself is accompanied by an imbalance between the departments of the human autonomic nervous system.
The most common symptoms are considered to be:
- tendency to fatigue and reduced performance;
- predisposition to low or high blood pressure;
- predisposition to changes in heart rate;
- low temperature of the extremities, the appearance of hot flashes and an unreasonable increase in body temperature;
- headaches, periodic dizziness;
- sleep disturbance;
- decreased activity in the sexual sphere;
- disturbances in the work of the gastrointestinal tract;
- increased sweating or excessive dryness of the skin;
- attacks in the form of fainting, panic attacks, crises.
The main causes of the development of the disease
Of course, the treatment of any disease begins with determining the reasons for which it occurs. Vegeto-vascular dystonia is no exception. First of all, the hereditary factor affects, which can be transmitted from mother to fetus during gestation.
The second reason for the onset of VSD is the impact of external factors, which include frequent stress, conflict situations, insufficient attention of parents to the child, emotional stress and other psychological trauma.
Vegeto-vascular dystonia occurs not only in adults, but also in school-age children.
In old age, concomitant diseases negatively affect the course of the disease. This leads to a complex surge, which is accompanied by unpleasant sensations and possible complications.
Diagnostics and treatment of dystonia
With early detection of the disease, treatment gives good results, but the difficulty lies in the fact that the complex manifestation of vegetative-vascular dystonia is quite difficult to classify and diagnose in the early stages. To determine the diagnosis, you should undergo a comprehensive examination and carefully study various tests:
- Magnetic resonance imaging;
- conclusions of an ophthalmologist, otolaryngologist, neurologist, endocrinologist, psychotherapist, etc.
Preliminarily, you should review the entire medical history of the patient and existing diseases in close relatives.
The appearance of the disease in adolescence, as a rule, is attributed to the transitional age, which is accompanied by numerous changes in the child's body. A balanced diet, walks in the fresh air, physical activity and sedatives significantly improve the condition of the body.
Drug treatment is necessary to eliminate concomitant diseases that complicate the course of the underlying disorder in the body. Particular attention should be paid to the condition of the thyroid gland, therefore, for existing violations, specially selected hormonal preparations are prescribed.
The crisis form involves the use of funds that calm the heart. As a rule, these are B vitamins and sedatives. In more severe cases, you cannot do without taking antidepressants and sedatives, which include Phenibut, Diazepam, Piracetam, Pyritinol and others. To restore blood circulation, the doctor prescribes nicotinic acid, "Cinnarizin", "Vinpocetine", "Pentoxifylline". To improve the patient's condition, a change of environment helps, as a result of which the work of the nervous system is normalized and the patient's general well-being improves.