How To Create A High-calorie Menu

How To Create A High-calorie Menu
How To Create A High-calorie Menu

Video: How To Create A High-calorie Menu

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A high-calorie menu is shown for people with serious illnesses such as tuberculosis, oncological processes, chronic kidney disease in which protein losses are observed. People with malnutrition, athletes and those involved in active physical labor also need enhanced nutrition. The basis of the diet should be protein, not fats, otherwise, with a general lack of muscle mass, obesity may develop.

How to create a high-calorie menu
How to create a high-calorie menu

Since a high-calorie diet usually takes a long time to follow, the menu should be worked out, replacing the usual dishes with taxes with a higher nutritional value. Otherwise, after a few months, the bulk of calories will come from fat. Usually, a person needs from 1500 to 2200 kcal, a high-calorie menu means 4-5 thousand kcal, sometimes more.

The second rule concerns the size of the portions. Ideally, if the amount of food intake does not increase or does not increase significantly. It is important that the gastrointestinal tract and digestive organs function normally. The third rule is not to increase the calorie content of the diet due to uncontrolled frequent snacks. That is, it is optimal if there are 3 full meals: breakfast, lunch and dinner; and 2-3 snacks: lunch, afternoon tea and a puff.

For breakfast, it is recommended to eat cereals cooked in milk. Steamed fruits or vegetables added to porridge, butter, or cream will add nutritional value. It is better to choose gray or black bread. This type of bread is safe, unlike white bread. with frequent and uncontrolled consumption of white bread, there is a risk of developing diabetes mellitus, problems with the digestive tract. It is better to drink tea with milk, a sandwich with butter and cheese or with boiled sausage, pate would be useful. Pancakes stuffed with meat or cottage cheese, dumplings with cottage cheese will do.

For lunch, rich thick soups on bone broth with meat are required. If habits allow, then the second course can be eaten immediately, if not, then it is better to wait 45-50 minutes. Side dishes should be satisfying: mashed potatoes with a lot of hammered eggs and cream, pasta in a creamy mushroom sauce, for example. Be sure to meat or a piece of baked fish. Fish should be chosen more high-calorie: herring, saury, eel, capelin, stellate sturgeon. Milk and caviar have a high protein value, and therefore they must be included in the diet. A sandwich with caviar, stewed milk, is very high in calories, but at the same time, their volume is quite small.

It is important that the menu includes not only animal proteins. Peas, chickpeas, beans, lentils, and other legumes are valuable sources of protein. Soups, mashed soups, main courses ─ legumes make hearty, but not heavy lunches and dinners. Do not forget to include mushrooms in the menu, they increase the calorie content of sauces and soups, make them healthier and slightly increase the amount of food taken.

For dinner, you can eat lasagna, casserole, Viennese eggs, a portion of fatty cottage cheese with sour cream and bread. The rest of the calories is replenished with snacks. They should be satisfying: nuts, dried fruits, fatty cheeses, candied fruits. an increase in the total volume of sweets, honey, sugar and other carbohydrates is allowed.

Athletes should follow specific nutritional strategies that are discussed individually. Their menu should contain a maximum of protein and a minimum of fat, often protein mixtures are included in the diet. There are special protein mixtures for the nutrition of weakened patients, they allow you to increase the calorie content of the menu without increasing the load on the gastrointestinal tract. The criterion for the effectiveness of the diet is gaining body weight due to muscle mass, improving laboratory parameters and well-being.

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