Life is full of surprises, and not always pleasant ones. Minor injuries can be dealt with on their own with the help of “home first aid kit” medicines, without seeking medical help. From microtraumas, abrasion is the most significant defect in the surface layers of the skin.
It is necessary
- - "Panthenol", "Camillosan", comfrey ointment, calendula ointment, tea tree oil, Etonium ointment;
- - hydrogen peroxide, aqueous solution of nitrofural, methylene blue, sodium hypochlorite, oily solution of ektericide;
- - nettle juice;
- - plantain, petroleum jelly;
- - wormwood, petroleum jelly.
Generally accepted first aid measures when receiving an abrasion are washing it, stopping bleeding, applying a sterile dressing using antiseptic agents. If manure or earth gets into abrasion, the introduction of tetanus toxoid is recommended.
The main procedure is to thoroughly flush the abrasion, as this is the key to preventing infection. It is better to rinse with warm running water and soap using a cotton swab, and if the abrasion is heavily contaminated with hydrogen peroxide.
An abrasion heals faster if left open. But, if it covers a large area, you can apply a bandage after the crust appears. Moreover, if you bandage a raw abrasion, the bandage dries up, and the damage will bleed again after its removal.
To prevent infection, antiseptic drugs are used that have anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effects. Antiseptics are available in various dosage forms - water or alcohol solutions, ointments.
For quick healing of abrasions, it is recommended to use Panthenol, Camillosan, comfrey ointment, calendula ointment, tea tree oil, Etonium ointment.
Suppurating abrasions should be washed with hydrogen peroxide, an aqueous solution of nitrofural. It is also recommended for suppuration a solution of methylene blue, disinfection with sodium hypochlorite, lotions with an oily solution of ectericide.
For the treatment of minor abrasions, you can use traditional medicine recipes. Perfectly helps to heal abrasions nettle juice, with which you can pour it or put a napkin soaked in juice on the abrasion.
Plantain has an excellent wound healing effect. Pass its leaves through a meat grinder and mix with petroleum jelly in a 1: 5 ratio. Apply the prepared mixture to the abrasion 3 times a day.
To heal abrasions, prepare an ointment based on wormwood. Pass 100 grams of wormwood leaves through a meat grinder and squeeze the juice. Mix the prepared juice with petroleum jelly in a 1: 4 ratio. Lubricate abrasions 3 times a day. Fresh wormwood juice has a strong bactericidal and wound healing effect.