Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) is a water-soluble substance with a small cobalt molecule in the center. The body of a healthy adult contains 2-5 mg of cyanocobalamin, which is mainly stored in the liver. Lack of vitamin B12 leads to the development of serious pathologies.
Vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms
With a lack of vitamin B12, the growth process slows down, carbohydrate, fat, protein metabolism is disrupted, glycogen reserves in the liver decrease, and the amount of cholesterol increases. In the process of hematopoiesis, the maturation of erythrocytes slows down. There is anemia, neuritis, radiculitis, paralysis, and atherosclerosis develops rapidly. The work of the liver is disrupted, hypovitaminosis B12 threatens the development of hepatitis, cirrhosis. Immunity decreases. The patient is pursued by colds.
Addison-Birmer disease is caused by a lack of cyanocobalamin. Pernicious anemia is difficult to treat because the absorption of vitamin B12 is impaired due to polyposis or gastric cancer, corrosive gastritis, or after gastric resection.
Methods for the treatment of hypovitaminosis B12
First of all, it is necessary to treat dysbiosis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys. And also to exclude exogenous insufficiency. Long-term rejection of animal products invariably provokes a lack of vitamin B12.
It is obligatory to consult a gastroenterologist, diet, intake of digestive enzymes, vitamin complexes. With the development of pathologies caused by a lack of vitamin B12, injectable drugs are prescribed, for example, "Combilipen".