Why Is The Bridle Cut Under The Tongue

Why Is The Bridle Cut Under The Tongue
Why Is The Bridle Cut Under The Tongue

Video: Why Is The Bridle Cut Under The Tongue

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The membrane located under the tongue and connecting it to the bottom of the mouth is called the hyoid frenum. Its size may vary from person to person. It is considered an anomaly if the bridle is too short, most often this phenomenon occurs in newborn babies.

Why is the bridle cut under the tongue
Why is the bridle cut under the tongue

A sign of a short bridle in a newborn baby is difficulty in sucking at the breast, while the baby bites the nipple and very quickly refuses to breast. Most often, a short bridle is found in boys than in girls. Very often this phenomenon is typical for children whose parents had a similar problem.

A slightly shortened frenulum in a newborn child is not a disease, it is only a defect in the oral cavity, which doctors often find in the hospital. In this case, the pruning procedure is carried out immediately, although there are cases that doctors send a mother with a newborn child to the dentist.

The procedure for cutting the frenum is practically painless, because a newborn child still has a very small number of blood vessels in the membrane and there are no nerve endings. Therefore, in a newborn baby, the bridle is trimmed without the use of anesthesia using special scissors.

In order for the blood to stop, after the procedure, the baby is immediately applied to the breast or given a bottle. The operation of cutting the bridle is quite simple, the wounds heal after it the next day. After the procedure, newborn babies begin to suckle much better and their appetite improves.

This procedure is indicated only if breastfeeding is difficult. If a defect occurs, but the procedure for cutting the bridle was not carried out, after discharge from the hospital, the parents independently begin to notice that the child has deviations in the movement of the uvula. The kid cannot stick his tongue out of his mouth due to the fact that the bridle pulls his tip down. The baby's tongue folds in the form of a groove, and this is accompanied by a certain sound.

As a result of the difficulty of the movements of the tongue, during a conversation, the grown-up child has difficulties with the pronunciation of the letter p, as well as hissing sounds. Sometimes there is a violation of diction - the child speaks indistinctly or indistinctly.

A short frenulum can also lead to a shift in the center of the tongue and provoke problems with the formation of the lower jaw. That subsequently contributes to the development of gingivitis and periodontitis of the teeth.

When a child aged 5 years incorrectly pronounces the letter p and hissing sounds, and also raises his tongue up with great difficulty, it is necessary to check his bridle. In a stretched state for a 5-year-old child, the characteristic length of the bridle is at least 0.8 centimeters. When lifting the tongue up, it should not bifurcate and take the shape of the heart.

The anterior edge of the frenum is normally attached a few millimeters above the base of the papilla, but not quite close to the tip of the tongue. For a more accurate recognition of the short bridle, you can ask the child to lick the saucer with his tongue or to click with the tongue.

When a child easily performs these actions, the cause of speech defects is not in the length of the bridle. For children over 4 years old, an operation to cut a short frenum will not help correct speech defects, so you will need to contact a speech therapist.

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