If you needed to remove a mole, then in modern medicine there are several methods for this.
- One of them is the laser method, which involves the evaporation of moles. This method has significant positive features: a very small traumatized area and the formation of microthrombi of the smallest vessels affected during the operation. This eliminates possible metastases and greatly reduces blood loss. With the laser method, the operation is painless and quick. Skin regeneration is progressing rapidly. With all other methods of removal, there is a mechanical contact, therefore, a scar necessarily appears.
- One of the most modern methods is also the method of cryodestruction - exposure of the skin to a very low temperature. Freezing and further tissue destruction occurs. This method is applied without anesthesia; freezing leads to tissue numbness. A positive feature of cryodestruction is the speed of the procedure: from 30 seconds to 2 minutes.
- You can get rid of moles in other ways. One of the most common is electrocoagulation. When using this method, the mole is cauterized with a high-frequency current. At a temperature of 800 degrees, protein coagulation occurs, the skin tissue changes its structure and becomes carbonized. The burn site is thrombosed, the bleeding stops. A positive feature of electrocoagulation is the ability to control the depth of exposure with an accuracy of a millimeter. After surgery, tissue can be sent for histology. This is impossible when using cryodestruction or laser.
- You can also remove a mole surgically, although they try not to use this procedure. But if it is necessary to remove flat moles, surgical excision has to be applied. When confirming the malignant nature of the mole, the size of the removed dermis should be 3-5 cm. It depends on where the mole is located. On the face, the area to be removed should be the smallest. The main disadvantage with the surgical method of removal is the scar after the operation. Even if a cosmetic suture is made, it is still noticeable.
If you decide to get rid of moles, in no case do it yourself. To carry out such an operation, be sure to consult with a dermatologist, and even better with an oncodermatologist.