Donation is the provision of organs and tissues by a donor for transplantation to another person, blood for transfusion. Blood donation is the most common worldwide. Problems with blood donation usually do not arise, because blood donation can be donated for a long period of life without harm to health. The situation with organ donation is more complicated, because some organs can be obtained for transplantation only after the death of the donor.
Organ and tissue transplantation
A number of serious diseases can be cured only by transplantation of donor organs and tissues. A bone marrow transplant, for example, is often the only way to save the life of a patient suffering from hematopoietic pathologies. Chronic renal failure can also be effectively cured only by donor kidney transplantation, otherwise the patient will depend on the "artificial kidney" apparatus for his whole life.
The legislation of our country provides for intravital donation of paired organs, for example, kidneys and parts of organs or tissues, the loss of which does not pose a danger to life and health. Thus, the bone marrow from the donor for transplantation is usually taken from the femur. This is absolutely not dangerous, because a large amount of bone marrow remains in the flat bones of the donor, and he will not experience deficiencies in blood components. You can also become a liver donor: one or two liver lobes are transplanted from a living person, which grow to normal size in the recipient's body, and the donor's liver is completely restored.
But some organs can only be removed for transplantation posthumously.
How to become an organ donor posthumously?
Donation is very noble. Posthumous organ donation is especially important, when viable organs and tissues from an already deceased person are able to save seriously ill patients who are still alive.
In our country, there is a presumption of consent to posthumous donation. This means that after death, each person becomes a potential donor, if during his lifetime he did not manage to issue a written refusal to donate organs. The same refusal can be made by close relatives or a legal representative of a person, if his will cannot be carried out.
The most correct is donation from young and healthy people, whose death was premature. This is a great opportunity
to continue life after death, giving hope for recovery to fading patients awaiting donor organs.
Posthumous donation is especially important, because only after death can one become a donor of heart, eye tissue, lungs. There is no need to be afraid of illegal actions of medical workers, because the removal of organs is carried out only after ascertaining death and only with the permission of the chief physician of the hospital.
If a person wants to become an organ donor posthumously, then he does not need to take any action, just monitor his health, maintain a healthy lifestyle. And then, even after death, he will be able to perform a noble deed.