How The Lungs Are Transplanted

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How The Lungs Are Transplanted
How The Lungs Are Transplanted

Video: How The Lungs Are Transplanted

Video: Lung Transplant Process 2022, December
Anonim

The transplantation procedure is carried out to treat an existing disease if it is impossible to use other methods of treatment due to their low efficiency. The operation can be performed both partially and completely with the replacement of 2 affected lungs.

How the lungs are transplanted
How the lungs are transplanted

Instructions

Step 1

The transplant can be recommended for people with partial or complete lung dysfunction that cannot be cured with drug therapy. At the same time, the expected life of a patient without transplantation may not exceed 12-24 months. Acute cystic fibrosis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary hypertension and fibrosis are indications for surgery.

Step 2

Before the procedure, the most effective treatment available for use is carried out. A number of analyzes and diagnostic manipulations are carried out, which will confirm the need for a transplant. The patient should refuse food for 8 hours. The process of the operation itself can vary in accordance with the patient's condition and the skills of the transplant surgeon.

Step 3

Intravenous administration of necessary medications is performed. A person is connected to devices to monitor his critical heart rate and blood pressure. The patient is placed on the table in accordance with the type of operation performed. Anesthesia is performed, after which the patient is connected to a ventilator. The operated skin area is treated with an antiseptic.

Step 4

The surgeon makes a horizontal incision just below the chest. For transplantation of one lung, incision is done from the side of the damaged organ. Then the doctor removes the affected area, performing the necessary manipulations using various instruments. If necessary, the patient can be connected to a heart-lung machine. The donor organ is implanted in the place of the removed one, after which it is connected with the help of special sutures with the corresponding airways and blood vessels.

Step 5

The surgeon checks the function of the installed lung. The excision is closed with special staples or sutures. With the help of special equipment, blood, excess air and the resulting liquid are pumped out. After performing the necessary manipulations, the patient is transferred to the intensive care unit for subsequent observation and awakening. The patient is connected to a ventilator, which will be used until the respiratory function is at least partially restored. Disconnection from the machine is performed after a few hours or days, depending on the clinical picture and general condition.

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