Blood pressure above 140/90 is considered elevated in official medicine. Doctors call a person's condition with such indicators arterial hypertension. There are many factors provoking its development, however, there are prevailing ones among them, which are found more often than others. Knowing what the pressure rises from is necessary in order to prevent or even eliminate the possibility of these reasons occurring in time.
Stress is one of the leading factors in increasing blood pressure. With negative emotional experiences, stress, fear, anxiety, the unique systems of the body produce a release of biologically active substances that help to cope with the situation or circumstances (here we have to talk, first of all, about a distraction). We are talking about adrenaline, norepinephrine, dopamine, etc. These substances inevitably increase the level of blood pressure. In cases where hypertension is concerned, lack of sleep and a chaotic daily routine can also be attributed to stress.
Over the years, arteries tend to lose their natural flexibility and elasticity. As a result, the lumen of the vessels decreases, which inevitably leads to disturbances in the blood flow. Blood has to overcome tremendous resistance, which eventually leads to hypertension.
This does not mean a couple of extra pounds, but overweight in the "Obesity" stage or very close to this phase. Excess weight puts a strain on the entire body. The heart and blood vessels are especially affected. The "fiery motor" has to pass significantly larger volumes of blood through itself, while it enters the vessels at a higher pressure than in people of normal weight. In addition, in almost 95% of cases, this phenomenon is accompanied by hypercholesterolemia - an increase in blood cholesterol levels, which significantly increases the risk of atherosclerosis. A decrease in body weight by only 1 kg (for obesity) can reduce the level of pressure by 1 mmHg.
The human body needs movement no less than oxygen. Its lack provokes disruptions in the work of many organs and systems. The heart weakens, its contractions become sluggish, the vessels lose elasticity (after all, there is no regular workout leading to the supply of oxygen). In addition, metabolism is disrupted, which, in turn, leads to rapid weight gain and, without timely measures, to obesity. As you can imagine, all this taken together inevitably launches an interconnected chain of interrelated processes leading to the development of arterial hypertension.
Smoking. Nicotine entering the body constricts blood vessels, negatively affects the adrenal glands, which, in turn, release adrenaline, which makes the heart beat faster (i.e. conditions of increased stress on the heart are created, which is very dangerous with narrowed vessels). In smokers, the oxygen content in the blood decreases by 15%.
Alcohol. The abuse of alcoholic beverages provokes an increased sensitivity of the body to stress, reduces the ability to recover quickly. In addition, alcohol is high in calories, so drinking too much can lead to obesity.
Strong non-alcoholic drinks containing caffeine. These include, first of all, strong black tea and strong natural coffee, as well as energy drinks that are popular today. People prone to high blood pressure should refuse the latter altogether, and brew coffee and tea not very strong and add cream or milk to them. If you can't imagine your life without natural coffee, drink no more than 200 ml of an invigorating drink per day (two cups).
Unlimited salt intake
If you are a salty lover, but suffer from high blood pressure, you will have to reconsider the amount of salt you consume during the day. The fact is that a large amount of salt leads to an increase in the level of sodium in the body, which contributes to the retention of fluid in it. This leads to edema, heart palpitations, uneven blood flow and, as a result, to arterial hypertension.
The daily salt intake for a healthy person is from 4 to 15 grams. For patients with hypertension, doctors recommend reducing this amount to 1-2 grams.